Print A Game Board Python

The original Boggle board game has a tray into which 16 letter dice randomly fall and a shaker dome. Hnefatafl print-and-play file with an elaborate 19x19 layout for 73 pieces. Make Games with Python, the latest e-book in The MagPi Essentials range, is designed to help you learn the coding skills you need to create amazing games and applications on your Raspberry Pi. With different activities to challenge students of all levels, these printable board games explore everything from simple sight words and vocabulary to history and science. A seventh sheet contains the assembly instructions and game rules. PythonBooks showcase the bests free ebooks about the Python programming language. For playing, you should download images of cards, print the required number of cards and buy or make a usual small playing cube. (Chess or checkers would be good examples of what I'm thinking of, though my game would have different/more complicated rules, and the grid may not be square, even if the spaces are). I have programmed for 2 months, and I began writing a Chess game. Your First Python Game: Rock,… TIL HTML J4F Learn how to build a game board with the table element, make sandwiches with forms, conquer dragons with semantic elements, link to exotic locations, and build up a robot's self esteem with structural markup in this beginner friendly introduction to the essential web development language. Follow the instructions on installing Python and IDLE on your own computer on the Materials page of the course website, in the Handouts section. Types of UML Diagrams. You can print your word documents for your own work. You need to decide three things first: (i) are you going to do this using just the command prompt or are. Let Overstock. In 3 previous exercises, we built up a few components needed to build a Tic Tac Toe game in Python: Draw the Tic Tac Toe game board; Checking whether a game board has a winner; Handle a player move from user input; The next step is to put all these three components together to make a two-player Tic Tac Toe game!. We accept custom game board for variable size and materials to meet your requirement. This is a Python module to convert number words (eg. The randomness comes from atmospheric noise, which for many purposes is better than the pseudo-random number algorithms typically used in computer programs. For example, a board with size n=4 would look like: Post your code and we will check it out. Complete the PrintTicTacToe function with parameters horiz_char and vert_char that prints a tic-tac-toe board with the characters as follows. It has to have This exact Main Menu: See the Rules Play against the computer Play a two player game Quit. Many chess games and events are published in the PGN format. All cards come in PDF format in three easy-to-print sets: large cards for full class activities or wall posters,. For each check. Learning new things. It can also create games that run in a full-screen mode. The goal is the predict the values of a particular target variable (labels). This is the first part of a tutorial series in game programming in Python. Imports: First we need to import the random package to randomise which word the PC will choose import random; Variables:. - Algorithm. Put the name of your game on the. game = [[0, 0, X], [0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0]]. Python Programming. It will be a simple bucket list application where users can register, sign in and create their bucket list. Simple Python implementation of the classic Tic Tac Toe game. I've always loved games-I even made up my own when I was a youngster-but even more than games, I love to take old things and turn them into something creative and new. Start the game. A full tutorial can be found in the free book "Making Games with Python & Pygame". Word to Number. No minimum order size. file is sys. Let Overstock. For me, it was both the most exciting and the most confusing experience I ever had. At the beginning of the game, the 16 dice are shaken and randomly distributed into a 4-by-4 tray. Conway's Game of Life in Python. Openings, Middle games and Endgames are always tough to master. Cracking Codes with Python. Coming to the point, we all love the chess game. Panda3D is an open-source, cross-platform, completely free-to-use engine for realtime 3D games, visualizations, simulations, experiments — you name it! Its rich feature set readily tailors to your specific workflow and development needs. Python Forums on Bytes. Notice, each print statement displays the output in the new line. How to Write a Text Adventure in Python People new to programming often ask for suggestions of what projects they should work on and a common reply is, "Write a text adventure game!" I think there are even some popular tutorials floating around that assign this as homework since I see it so much. Print Games Now offers the best quality printable games Special Deals. print(“Button 2 Pressed”) GPIO. Cleveland wide receiver Jarvis Landry made a bold statement Thursday about Sunday’s game against the Patriots. This is like my 4th week using Python and I'm still not familiar with it so I might need some help from you guys. I started to try my hand at making a Chess Game. Relax and have fun with classic games like solitaire, slingo, slots, bingo, dominos, and more!. More info. Students will find that applying their knowledge of probability will help them win some of the games. The randomness comes from atmospheric noise, which for many purposes is better than the pseudo-random number algorithms typically used in computer programs. These game pieces designed by Simone Fontana, who has a ton of great, quality 3D printable board games on his MyMiniFactory profile, which are simply beautiful so make sure you stop by and check. I am a beginner programmer in Python, so please assess my code. With this post, I intend help each one of you who is facing this trouble in python. In the era of internet and technology, one can print anything on a sheet of paper. Your First Python Game: Rock, Paper, Scissors was posted by Jared on February 20th, 2016. Buy game parts in any quantity. Let Overstock. The holidays are just around the corner. Printgames - boardgames,familygames,to print & play! Printgames - Gesellschaftsspiele, Brettspiele, Familienspiele, zum Ausdrucken!. You can select a board with all images, customize a board with text of your choice and mix with images , or just create a board that is all text. 12 Classic 3x3 Tic-Tic-Toe game boards 2 3x3x3 Tic-Tic-Toe games 4x4x4 Tic-Tic-Toe game board Printable Boggle Word Game. You may wish to be familiar with the basics of the Python 3 programming language, or at least the basics of Programming in general That said, this course begins at a slowish pace, and I do my best to explain everything at least the first time it shows up. py mygame/draw. In order to run the game: Please navigate to the correct folder in your file system, and run python scrabble. Learn to Build Hangman in Python Posted by Cory Althoff December 22, 2017 June 12, 2019 The following is an excerpt from The Self-Taught Programmer: The Definitive Guide to Programming Professionally that teaches you how to build Hangman in Python. Creating a 2D grid for a board game in python? I'm taking an introductory course to computer science using Python and we were given an exercise to make a board game. Then you or your students write down questions to use with them game. 48 hour turnaround guaranteed!. Display a board based on a two-dimensional grid. Tkinter is the standard GUI library for Python. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Useful when creating games like tic-tac-toe, minesweeper, memory-match, connect-four, etc. Visual Studio Code is free and available on your favorite platform - Linux, macOS, and Windows. ) Printable Paper has been featured by LifeHacker, Kim Komando, Woman's World magazine, and the Today Show. One player plays with X and the other player plays with O. java that simulates the rolling of five dice and prints "Yahtzee" if all five dice are the same; otherwise it should print "Try again. JupyterCon 2017 : The first Jupyter Community Conference will take place in New York City on August 23-25 2017, along with a satellite training program on August 22-23. I have updated a few aspects of this program. ) is a popular murder-mystery board game. It is a game that any Church group at different grade level can play. Adobe Acrobat Reader DC software is the free global standard for reliably viewing, printing, and commenting on PDF documents. Next, this program use For Loop. One-stop-fun-shop for everything from party supplies & holidays to crafts & toys. But they can sometimes be hard to figure out. I have windows vista, python version 2. file is sys. Buy today at GameStop!. In a previous exercise we explored the idea of using a list of lists as a “data structure” to store information about a tic tac toe game. With different activities to challenge students of all levels, these printable board games explore everything from simple sight words and vocabulary to history and science. A full tutorial can be found in the free book "Making Games with Python & Pygame". He is the author of Automate the Boring Stuff with Python, Invent Your Own Computer Games with Python, and Scratch Programming Playground, also from No Starch Press. This is the place to post completed Scripts/Snippets that you can ask for people to help optimize your code or just share what you have made (large or small). Make Games with Python, the latest e-book in The MagPi Essentials range, is designed to help you learn the coding skills you need to create amazing games and applications on your Raspberry Pi. Do you and your family enjoy board games? If you have kids who like to play any type of board game, chances are they will like our printable board games on this page. From 2006-2016, Google Code Project Hosting offered a free collaborative development environment for open source projects. Python Tutor (created by Philip Guo) helps people overcome a fundamental barrier to learning programming: understanding what happens as the computer runs each line of code. This behaves like a drawing board and you can use various drawing commands to draw over it. 6 by one of the more colorful PEPs out there, the secrets module is intended to be the de facto Python module for generating cryptographically secure random bytes and strings. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. Follow same concept like C programming only change syntax. Join today to get access to thousands of courses. The game is limited to 2 dimensions—just X and Y positions. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. You can write this program using for loop and while loop. Greetings and welcome to part 3 of the Python 3 basics tutorials. Abstract This document is a self­learning document for a course in Python programming. The Tic-Tac-Toe board looks like: Game Rules. Write a program to play the word game Boggle ®. Python 2D List Examples The game is limited to 2 dimensions—just X and Y positions. Find the inexpensive Alexanderwang T Game Python Print Denim Jacket are perfect for including character to your space. There are 16970 observable variables and NO actionable varia. I’ll say it again, I love collecting data! Although reading through HTML to find the tags you want can be a little tedious at times, scraping data …. ESL Board Games & Communicative Exercises for Kids Classes Download ESL kids worksheets below, designed to teach spelling, phonics, vocabulary and reading. txt Typically the game board has 100 cells starting from 1 to 100: 3. Started playing Sudoku a few weeks ago and decided to try to write a game generator. com, a great place to play free online games, including puzzle games, word games, card games, and board games. Formerly python-printable-games. In order to run the game: Please navigate to the correct folder in your file system, and run python scrabble. Python in the browser. There are too many variations on board games to offer a board game sample pack by itself, so we suggest that customers that are interested in board games order a card sample pack. Take a look at some examples or check out the reference manual to learn more about it, or head straight into the editor and start programming right away!. In addition to that, some spaces on the board will affect the players in some way. You can choose from a broad variety of games, from tic-tac-toe to jigsaw puzzles and much more. GUI uses pygame library. 7 and Python 3 share many similar capabilities, they should not be thought of as entirely interchangeable. Create a simple grid and print it properly in python. Type "print sqrt (root)" then press "Enter. We don’t serve ads—we serve you, the curious reader. (Chess or checkers would be good examples of what I'm thinking of, though my game would have different/more complicated rules, and the grid may not be square, even if the spaces are). The board data structure is a list of lists of strings. MicroPython is a full Python compiler and runtime that runs on the bare-metal. Python programs do not have a required first or last line, but can be given the location of python as their first line: #!/usr/bin/python and become executable. A simple match colors game with little rules overhead and very thinky for such a simple game. The CMYK color system is used heavily in printing because CMYK printing inks are subtractive in nature, making it easier to print using a four-color ink combination (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black); hence the term four-color printing. It will autocomplete for you. Game Programming With Python. For example, a board with size n=4 would look like: Post your code and we will check it out. This is like my 4th week using Python and I'm still not familiar with it so I might need some help from you guys. The loop in these games works like the flowchart in Figure 4. Python tic tac toe tutorial by tech with tim. This article will teach you the steps to building a simple game that has the player dodging bouncing balls. You can find him on Google+ and Twitter. For each player (1 or 2), calls the random_place() function to randomly choose a location on board and mark that location with the player number, alternatively. The Python Data Analysis Library (pandas) aims to provide a similar data frame structure to Python and also has a function to read a CSV. Using a Python recipe? Installing ActivePython is the easiest way to run your project. These worksheets can be used in conjunction with the videos and quizzes of this website. The board data structure is a list of lists of strings. Write a program to play the word game Boggle ®. Free Printable Board Games. This is an introduction to Pygame for people who already know Python. It will use the function draw_game from the file draw. I was trying to program the game called triple triad on Python, but I have a problem with the output of the board, it has to be like this every square, where each number represents a cardinal point,there are 9 squares, three for every line. This is a simple battleship game, made with lists on python. My code for Tic-Tac-Toe (beginner), compared to my mate that works at google's code. Creating board games from python Hello, For a recent project I was assigned in school, I have been tasked with building a game board online. The game moves the Keeper card items to spaces on the board while adding the "Leaper" card type. 2 and pygame version 1. Your mission, should you decide to accept it, is to create a Java program that can play a game of Tic-Tac-Toe with the user. In this five-part series, I'll show you how to create 2D single-player games using Python 3 and. The board consists of a large python with letters scattered along the path. Players roll the dice and advance according to the number that shows up. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. Using a Python recipe? Installing ActivePython is the easiest way to run your project. This Is Our Third Part Of Our Ludo Game Tutorial And In This Part, I Am Going To Write About how To Create Ludo Game Using Python And Tkinter Module. Subscribe to the RSS feed on the Navigation Bar over to the left or bookmark this site (top of the right column) and visit often. - simple-grid. Note that the code for tutorials and projects in this course are only tested on Python 2. Most Sold Video Games of All Time 1989 - 2019 - Duration: 3:27. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. Arduino Python Communication Via USB: Sometimes when working on an Ardunio project, it is necessary to send data back and forth between a computer. Create your free Platform account to download our ready-to-use ActivePython or customize Python with any packages you require. It checks every position in the board. A given cell's neighbors are those cells directly above, below, left, or right of the cell, plus with the cells diagonally adjacent to it (the cells touching its diagonals). Print Star Pattern in Python. So only two players can play at a time. List comprehension is powerful and must know the concept in Python. Besides, who wants to write all that GUI code by hand, anyway?. learnpython) submitted 3 years ago by pythonhelp123 [ ] I'm supposed to make an Othello game and I'm stuck on how to make the game board by using classes. Data Analysis & Probability Games. Use the import keyword to load more keywords. Learn programming with a multiplayer live coding strategy game for beginners. I was trying to program the game called triple triad on Python, but I have a problem with the output of the board, it has to be like this every square, where each number represents a cardinal point,there are 9 squares, three for every line. 0 and this value is 1. Related course The course below is all about data visualization: Data Visualization with Matplotlib and Python. The official forum for Python programming language. He really wants you to watch The Hello World Program so you can learn the skills you need to build an awesome future. No minimum order size. The Python Data Analysis Library (pandas) aims to provide a similar data frame structure to Python and also has a function to read a CSV. In this game we have a board consisting of a 3X3 grid. Python is a dynamic object-oriented programming language that can be used for many kinds of software development. 48 hour turnaround guaranteed!. The Green Tree Python is around 7 feet long and lives in…you guessed itthe trees! It waits in the leaves of the high forest branches and strikes out at birds as they fly by. The number of grids may be increased. We are using the random module with the randint function to get a random number. OpenCV is a highly optimized library with focus on real-time applications. Letters are dealt to players, who then construct one or more words out of their letters. geeksforgeeks. All cards come in PDF format in three easy-to-print sets: large cards for full class activities or wall posters,. Before continuing, play around with the Python shell a bit and explore how you can use it as a calculator. We have collected the most popular designs with strategies for how to place them and where to place them. Now I understand why this is happening but I'm having difficulty implementing it, also having the same problems with the "Full column" message printing for every single row instead of just once. Hangman Game in Python Hangman Wiki: The origins of Hangman are obscure meaning not discovered, but it seems to have arisen in Victorian times, " says Tony Augarde, author of The Oxford Guide to Word Games. He really wants you to watch The Hello World Program so you can learn the skills you need to build an awesome future. This is because Python is waiting for this specific edge to occur before proceeding with the rest of the code. Board games in the early 20th century were often used to make political points, and Suffragetto did that in spades. What is a dictionary in Python? Python dictionary is one of the supported data types in Python. It is passed a game board data structure and returns a copy that also contains '. FIFE - a cross platform 2. This is an alphabetical listing of board games available at Board Game Central. The engine is in C++, but then again, the Python interpreter itself also uses a lot of C code. The keyword print tells Python to print out whatever text you give it in parentheses and quotes. Remember that in Python 3, printing to the screen is accomplished by print ("Thing to show on screen"). print letter, # print all on the same line:. Talking about the gameplay, all the playing rules are the same just like we play in real time tic-tac-toe. We've collected and ranked them from all around the web, so no need for you to get bored! 😁. Making a checkerboard full of zeros can be done with a literal list: board = [ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],. Visual Studio Code is a code editor redefined and optimized for building and debugging modern web and cloud applications. Connect to almost any database, drag and drop to create visualizations, and share with a click. It was originally published in Leeds, England in 1949. START PROGRAM print opening message while we let the program run, do this: #Print what options you have print Option 1 - add print Option 2 - subtract print Option 3 - multiply print Option 4 - divide print Option 5 - quit program ask for which option is is you want if it is option 1: ask for first number ask for second number add them together print the result onscreen if it is option 2: ask. (Chess or checkers would be good examples of what I'm thinking of, though my game would have different/more complicated rules, and the grid may not be square, even if the spaces are). This is the book I wish I had when I started making games, and now I want you to have it. There are. Adobe Acrobat Reader DC software is the free global standard for reliably viewing, printing, and commenting on PDF documents. Tkinter is the standard GUI library for Python. ) Printable Paper has been featured by LifeHacker, Kim Komando, Woman's World magazine, and the Today Show. This removes the start menu, title bars, and gives the game control of everything on the screen. Using classes to create a 8x8 game board (self. World domination by strategy propels this all new version of the classic board game. Program for Arduino: The complete program for this Arduino python tutorial is given at the end of this page. The board size, rack length, board point bonuses, letter scores and bingos can all be changed by selecting a game design or creating your own custom design. You can find information and reviews on just about any board game on the market, and it's a great place to meet and talk with other people who are interested in the same things. A piece may move along any line or curving edge of the circle to the next empty spot. Please use a supported browser. Occasionally, players will be tasked to draw a Red Card or a Colored Card, depending on print edition. Home | CoolMath4Kids. " print "well, it seems as if 'a' is now no bigger than 0!" print "the loop is now over, and without furthur adue, so is this program!". The constants are used to hold the board size, and the character value of each possible state of one field within the board. Start the game. The tic-tac-toe game with Python sonic0002 2013-07-30 02:49:09 15,418 1 In this tutorial, we will show how to build a tic-tac-toe game with Python. Students command an interactive Python shell (similar to the IDLE development environment) and use Python functions to move a turtle displayed on the screen. Tableau can help anyone see and understand their data. Related course The course below is all about data visualization: Data Visualization with Matplotlib and Python. Openings, Middle games and Endgames are always tough to master. The script also contains a while loop, which make the script run until the user guess the right number. I would like comments on readability and structure. Start a new file in IDLE or Ninja and name it pen. This is a post by Tutorial Team Member Julian Meyer, a 13-year-old python developer. To create a game, subclass this class and implement legal_moves, make_move, utility, and terminal_test. For example, a board with size n=4 would look like: Post your code and we will check it out. Is intended to be challenging and fun. Print and play math games: These partner math games are all black and white and require no prep. The game is limited to 2 dimensions—just X and Y positions. And now, it's connected to the Adobe Document Cloud − making it easier than ever to work across computers and mobile devices. See below a video of the game in action. Our language of choice, Python, is an easy-to learn, high-level computer language that is used in many of the computational courses offered on Coursera. Otherwise python runs the line "print ("The absolute value of",n,"is",n)". A Board game play-tested for five years and now available for FREE to download and PRINT out to play for FREE! Who can build the best band, you or your friends?. We need to stop players from playing over one another, we need to fix repetition in the win function, we need to fix the scalability of the column #s, and, finally, we. Flexible and fully extensible: Flexible API and Unity Editor workflow to build systems like inventory, game commerce, and player progression. All cards come in PDF format in three easy-to-print sets: large cards for full class activities or wall posters,. Stop wasting time setting up a development environment. The goal is the predict the values of a particular target variable (labels). Build Your Own Board Game: Hi Everyone!!!!My name is Frank and I am a guy who likes board games. Remember that in Python 3, printing to the screen is accomplished by. As a reminder, our tic tac toe game is really a list of lists. Many other implementation has known problems with castling, stalemate or other more or less special rules. There are 16970 observable variables and NO actionable varia. A board game is a complex manufacturing project that will require many hours of your time to get right. This behaves like a drawing board and you can use various drawing commands to draw over it. Arduino Python Communication Via USB: Sometimes when working on an Ardunio project, it is necessary to send data back and forth between a computer. Jared likes to make things. A Tic Tac Toe win is 3 in a row - either in a row, a column, or a diagonal. Learn software, creative, and business skills to achieve your personal and professional goals. Your task this week: given a 3 by 3 list of lists that represents a Tic Tac Toe game board, tell me whether anyone has won, and tell me which player won, if any. Your mission, should you decide to accept it, is to create a Java program that can play a game of Tic-Tac-Toe with the user. Which of course means spending time with family and friends. The easiest way to learn Python for free!. I will refer to this grid as the universe, though this is non-standard terminology. The goal is the predict the values of a particular target variable (labels). Tkinter provides a powerful object-oriented interface to the Tk GUI toolkit. Because it is based on Python, it also has much to offer for experienced programmers and researchers. Our version of the game will have a computer AI that is more advanced than the AI we made for Tic Tac Toe. Panda3D is an open-source, cross-platform, completely free-to-use engine for realtime 3D games, visualizations, simulations, experiments — you name it! Its rich feature set readily tailors to your specific workflow and development needs. The book features the source code to 11 games. You might want to make your board a state variable of the OthelloGameState class. He really wants you to watch The Hello World Program so you can learn the skills you need to build an awesome future. The games are invaluable for applying the concepts we learn in class. The engine is in C++, but then again, the Python interpreter itself also uses a lot of C code. I will in this tutorial show how to. Python Program to Draw a Square and Chess Board Using Turtle For simple drawing, python provides a built-in module named turtle. No videos found. Python is a dynamic object-oriented programming language that can be used for many kinds of software development. You can write this program using for loop and while loop. the draw board function is better implemented with a loop over the rows and columns. - simple-grid. Is intended to be challenging and fun. This is a simple battleship game, made with lists on python. Jared likes to make things. geeksforgeeks. If you're a Python developer who wish to create AI-based games, then go for this learning path. Send Us an Email. Introduced in Python 3. Our version of the game will have a computer AI that is more advanced than the AI we made for Tic Tac Toe. This game is also known as Noughts and Crosses or Xs and Os game. With Box, you get a single place to manage, secure, share and govern all of the content for your internal and external collaboration and processes. Ok, I'm trying to draw a game board in python, here is my current code: Code: def draw_board(n_rows, n_cols): '''function to draw the board''' n_cols = int(n_cols) n_rows = int(n_rows) matrix = [[0 for x in range(n_cols)] for y in range(n_rows)] print matrix #for testing purposes print "+-". Leading the Way in the Fight Against Card and Board Game Piracy Worldwide! Used already on some of the world’s most popular games, now you can protect your game with a Breaking Games proprietary Izon ® 3D photopolymer authentication label, the strongest overt 3D protection solution currently available in the world from Breaking Games. Python is fun. We play on a square board and we have to click on the board on the cells which do not have a mine. Python’s sort is stable; the order of items that compare equal will be preserved. I gotta write a little Connect 4 game in Python, I just got started and boom - I'm stuck! I tried to create a board for the game using two lists. The object of the Tetris game is to move and rotate the shapes so that they fit as much as possible. In this game we have a board consisting of a 3X3 grid. Just simply print as many as you will need to get around your board. Letters are dealt to players, who then construct one or more words out of their letters. sentdex 812,311 views. reward (float):-Amount of reward achieved by the previous action. For the number of solutions for small values of N, see oeis. OpenCV is a highly optimized library with focus on real-time applications. The engine is in C++, but then again, the Python interpreter itself also uses a lot of C code. This removes the start menu, title bars, and gives the game control of everything on the screen. I can use it alright. Basic print command examples. We have the infrastructure to make custom board games as per a client's requirement. We know because we help creators bring their games to life all the time! The resources below represent lots of answers to lots of questions that we've answered over the years. Board games in the early 20th century were often used to make political points, and Suffragetto did that in spades. The basic way to do output is the print statement. The concepts we'll cover exist in other languages. com is a market leader in custom board games and custom card games print on demand service. As you probably know, Tic-Tac-Toe is a simple game usually played with paper and pencil. At its core, Python has access to only basic keywords, like print, help, basic math functions, and so on. 1ST ALAMEIN is intended to be a basic introduction to the study of military history through manual simulation games--board wargaming. Custom Board game manufacturing is a difficult process. Our High quality game board is composed of black texture paper and high glossy litho wrap with durable chipboard inside. Useful when creating games like tic-tac-toe, minesweeper, memory-match, connect-four, etc. Sublime when you have it set to recognise python syntax, has a shortcut try typing "if " and hit TAB key. Now, you could use something like the arduino ethernet shield, which would send data over a network, but if you want something easy and. It is passed a game board data structure and returns a copy that also contains '. Set the game board width and length and choose between bi-fold or quad-fold. The rules are simple, and well documented here. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: