Past Perfect Tense Exercises For Class 5

Section 5 perfect tenses page 57 language notes Western European languages have a verb form that looks like the present perfect (constructed with the equivalent of have + past participle). Types of Tense Present Tense Simple Present Tense When the work or its extent seems indefinite/uncertain then it is simple present, e. Our Verb Tenses Worksheets are free to download and easy to access in PDF format. 1 → 2,4,5,7 Verb tense review Ex. Present perfect continuous ; Present perfect simple and continuous present perfect - exercises->. Am-Is-Are 1. Grammar Tips & Articles » Present perfect tense This grammar article aims to clear most common confusions about present perfect tense. By the time I'm 50, I _____ a million dollars. To form the present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect tenses, add has, have, had, or will have to the past participle. Download CBSE Class 8 English Grammar Past Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous, NCERT study material for English, Past Continuous Tense / Past Perfect ContinuousPAST CONTINUOUS:We use the past continuous when we are talking about—¨ something which happened before and after (around) a given time in the past. Present perfect / present perfect continuous - pdf exercises; Present perfect continuous and pres. Tenses are now easy to teach and learn with the help of these animated movies, games, activities, comics and wall charts. See more ideas about English grammar, Teaching english and English lessons. Live worksheets > English > English as a Second Language (ESL) > Verb tenses > 4 tenses revision 4 tenses revision Students have to fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Past Perfect Tense is used to express two types of actions which occurred or completed in the past. Sentences in the past perfect tense have the following form: Affirmative: Subject + had + past participle form of the verb. The future perfect tense shows an action or condition in the future that will occur before another action or condition in the future. had not read. Unit 4 – Review of future tenses – will, won’t shall and going to: Unit 4 – First conditional: Unit 5 – Present perfect with just, already, yet, ever and never: Unit 5 – Present perfect with for and since; Present perfect or past simple? Unit 6 – Past perfect: Unit 6 – used to + infinitive: Unit 6 – Past simple passive. Mary has visited Hong Kong for several times. 1-Choose the correct verb form so that the sentence has the most suitable meaning. Είναι μόνο οι simple tenses. citizens every year. Can you score a perfect 10?. This Spanish Grammar lesson covers the Present Perfect Tense. Adjectives. Perfect Tense For Grade 5. Verb worksheets: present perfect tense. Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple, Present Continuous Past Simple Future. The past participle and the simple. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (make). verb tense worksheets tenses worksheet 1 ideas troublesome verbs 6th grade past 6,verb exercises grade 6 past tense present progressive worksheets year worksheet for and,future tenses worksheets for grade 6 with answers perfect worksheet present continuous tense past progressive plan,tenses worksheets for grade 6 with answers present tense exercises past worksheet,verb tense worksheets grade. Grade 5 Past And Present Tense - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept. You can also use them as a self-evaluation. What are the definitions of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. past perfect. S panish Subjunctive Exercises (high school) multiple exercises to practice subjunctive in the present, past and future tenses. Future Simple My brother will know the answer. You Understand the Difference! You know your English!. It uses the Flash player plug-in. citizen last month. Present Perfect Tense. 1 Direct to Indirect Speech using Past Perfect Tense. An English-Zone. English grammar exercise, elementary level. The past participle and the simple. Present perfect continuous ; Present perfect simple and continuous present perfect - exercises->. Simply click and print! This is perfect for ESL teachers and students!. Each main tense is divided into simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive tenses. To make verbs in the past perfect progressive tense, combine. Verb Tense Exercise 5 Simple Past and Present Perfect f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Exercise D. The Present Perfect Tense is used in case of repeated actions, in those actions where the time is not important, and actions that began in the past but are not finished yet and will probably finish in the present as we speak. Make meaningful sentences in the present perfect tense. Solve this essay narration exercise and find the answers solved at the end. It is usually used to express an action which occurred a long time ago in past. 6 Continuation from Past to Present EXAMPLES EXPLANATION Larry Page has been interested in computers for many years. This article includes definition, formulae and rules for forming sentences in past perfect tense. Present Perfect Tense; Present Perfect Tense Soru Cümleleri Alıştırma, Since For Alıştırma, Present Perfect in Questions Exercise; Present Perfect Tense Soru Cümleleri Alıştırma, Since For Alıştırma, Present Perfect in Questions Exercise. past progressive. Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used to describe an action or event which had occurred in the past and had continued for a specified time or period. Present Perfect Simple 5. played not have We - to Rome. Here's the fourth exercise about the future perfect tense. ) Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect). For ESL learners. Past perfect passive PDF It had been finished. However, when used in the perfect tenses, the past participle never changes. She _____ to Africa many times. It is a tense that relates the past and the present. A time reference is found in these kind of sentences like “since 2000”, “for 2 hours”. Himanshu Sharma I am a Physics graduate from Delhi University and PG(MCA)from IGNOU. Past Perfect Tense is used to express two types of actions which occurred or completed in the past. Simple past and past perfect tense exercise. In summary, the past perfect tense is a verb from to express completed actions such as: actions before another begins (both in past) actions of duration before something in the past. They can repeat the lessons as many times as required. Change of tenses. The past perfect progressive does not continue into the present but stops at a designated moment in the past. It gives a sense of completion of an activity in past. verb tenses worksheet progressive tense worksheets for all download fabulous figure of simple past grade 5 perfect 5th. Our learning system helps your children learn at their own pace. Past Perfect Tense uses had and the past participle form of the verb. You Understand the Difference! You know your English!. She (visit) … me again last night. Review the uses and forms of past tenses. Do exercise 3 in class, either as a whole class activity or in pairs. Grade 5 Past And Present Tense. It is usually used to express an action which occurred a long time ago in past. We already have talked about past continuous/progressive tense usages, structures for affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences. 8th grade science test questions Style Math Worksheets Free Ten Apples Up On Top Free Printable 6th Grade Passages. Practice with these Past Perfect exercises. 18,286 Downloads. English verb tenses exercise: The PAST CONTINUOUS 1 | Practice using the past continuous verb tense in English. I (just / finish) my homework. Students have to put the verbs into the correct tenses - present perfect or past simple. Welcome to ESL Printables , the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc. Choose the correct verbs so that each tense appears once. It had been raining continuously since last Wednesday. Verb Tense Exercise 5 Simple Past and Present Perfect f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. had not read. This quiz is about the usage of tenses, particularly past perfect tense. Let them fully comprehend and learn to use the tense before moving on to distinguishing it from other tenses. 6 Continuation from Past to Present EXAMPLES EXPLANATION Larry Page has been interested in computers for many years. Preparation Make one copy of the two-page worksheet for each student. It shows how the past is connected to the present/now. Perfect Tenses 1. We kicked around a football, laughed and talked for hours. present, past, future perfect and continuous verb tenses Answer key included. Julie Sevastopoulos (contact) — ESL / ELL / TEFL — English Grammar Reference / Resource – Practices & Exercises – Palo Alto, California USA — Grammar Quizzes by Julie Sevastopoulos is licensed for use under CC BY-NC-SA 4. The girl (visit) … me very often. Simple past and past perfect tense exercise. 1 Direct to Indirect Speech using Past Perfect Tense. Though French, Italian, German, and Spanish use the present perfect to address past events, in English, the present perfect connects a past moment to the present moment in time. 'Did' is always used to form the question in the Past simple. She (visit) … me again last night. Tenses Exercises Grammar Exercises English Grammar Rules English Grammar Worksheets Teaching Class Student Teaching Grammar Activities English Activities English Lessons V Past perfect and past simple 2 A Match each sentence with the correct picture, a or b. tenses worksheets for grade 5 simple past tense worksheet tenses worksheets for grade 5 simple future tense past present and future tense worksheets 5th grade. What is the formula of PAST PERFECT TENSE? "Conjunction" Exercises. Plays) Change to the correct form (easy) Fill in the blanks with the correct spelling of the verb 01 ; Fill in the blanks with the correct spelling of the verb 02. Form and use the perfect (e. future progressive. Past perfect Exercises - intermediate 1 # not available for all phones. Note Generally sentences of Future continuous tense, Present, Past and Future Perfect continuous tenses are not changed into Passive voice but for the sake of grammar or for examination purpose, these are attempted here under. present perfect. This page is a great resource if you are looking for worksheets and activities for the past perfect continuous tense. Make meaningful sentences in the present perfect tense. Click here to review how to make the past perfect. Concept Questions and Timelines, Gem publishing. Simple Past Tenses For Grade 6. *present perfect. Introduction to Tenses. Support grammar instruction with a worksheet that focuses on verb tenses. Review how to make the future perfect here Download this quiz in PDF here. Verb Tense Review: The Past Simple. Practise your English grammar. They can rearrange them on a table or they can glue them to more paper. Verb Worksheets English Grammar Worksheets English Lessons English Class Learn English Teaching English Tenses Exercises Tenses English Irregular Past Tense Verbs This is a cloze activity where students must change the infinitive verb to its irregular past tense form. 25 Responses to “5 Lessons for Mixing Past and Present Tense” Emil A. Here are past tense board games. Past Perfect Simple. Exercise D. Sentences are given in the simple past tense. When she went out to play, she (do / already) her homework. to the cinema last week. Two PDF verb tenses worksheets to download. Displaying all worksheets related to - Past Perfect Continous Tense For Grade 7. Tenses are now easy to teach and learn with the help of these animated movies, games, activities, comics and wall charts. 5: Past Perfect ; Day 38: Flash Clip 11. Online quiz to test your understanding of the Past Perfect tense in English. Remember that the tense of a verb refers to the time of the action or state of being. Watch watched watched Simple present tense We watch a good movie on T. Fiona Henderson and Julia Miller, Tenses exercises, English for Uni, www. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Simple Past Tenses For Grade 6. Past Perfect Tense (in Malayalam) Tenses Exercise Part 5(in Malayalam) 10:15. Past perfect tense grammar exercise, fill in the blanks with the verbs in parenthesis in past perfect. 1 Direct to Indirect Speech using Passive Voice. 2-My younger brother is often listening / often listens to pop music. Past perfect Exercises - intermediate 1 # not available for all phones. She _____ to Africa many times. The breadman comes to our housing estate every evening. past tense 6. It comes along with the answers. Filed in CBSE Grade 6 Grammar Worksheets. The quiz below is designed to help you practice what we learned. View Tarea 4. Past Simple Tenses For Grade 5. When she went out to play, she (do / already) her homework. NOTE: If any one notices any mistake or error, will yu please report it tome. Word order exercise. In the past perfect sentences, these verb tenses are used in their third form with the helping verb 'had'. The last one of the perfect tenses is future perfect, which states that the action will have been completed by a specified time in the future. Past Perfect Tense is used to express two types of actions which occurred or completed in the past. The future perfect tense shows an action or condition in the future that will occur before another action or condition in the future. There are three main verb tenses: Present, Past, and Future. Check out this page for interactive games for past tenses. Give it a shot and get to see what you have understood. when talking about TWO actions in the past; one continues for a period, and the other starts and ends (past simple). was going has gone will have gone. 1 Past participle 4-1 Ex. After the jump there is an exercise for you to practice your knowledge of the simple past forms of “sein”. You can also use them as a self-evaluation. They had been sent. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about HTML5 video. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Past perfect progressive, Name date perfect tenses teaching, The perfect tenses review, W o r k s h e e t s, Verb tenses, Past perfect tense, A1 eingangskurs grammar exercises, Uses of perfect tenses. Present Perfect 1. Past Perfect Tense is used to express two types of actions which occurred or completed in the past. PDF grammar rules: English tenses PDF grammar rules with examples on all English tenses. Think of some regrets you've had in the past and prepare a list of sentences like the following: I wish I had learnt how to sing. The simple past is the basic form of past tense in English. CONTINUOUS TENSE. October 14, 2014 - Complete the following sentences using a simple past or past perfect tense form. Try our free exercises to build knowledge and confidence. Verb Tense Worksheets - Free worksheets for teachers on verb tenses, simple past, past perfect, past progressive, past perfect progressive and so on. He (not / be) to Cape Town before 1997. Perfect Tense For Grade 5 - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept. It is also used to describe an action that was happening in the distant past. Working on past perfect tense with your students? This lesson plan uses a text to explain how and when to use this verb tense, then guides students through a game and activity to help them. Note that has is used when the subject is a singular noun or pronoun. I have paid the bill. We have already talked about future perfect tense usages and sentences structures. Chapter 4: THE PRESENT PERFECT AND THE PAST PERFECT ORDER OF CHAPTER CHARTS EXERCISES WORKBOOK Verb review and preview Ex. ” “Past” or “present” refers to the tense of the verb, but “perfect” refers to its aspect. Improve your language arts knowledge with free questions in "Use the perfect verb tenses" and thousands of other language arts skills. When she went out to play, she (do / already) her homework. The past perfect tense demonstrates the past relative to timing or other past events and is often used for reporting on things that happened or were said. The perfect tenses expresses action that is already completed. So today, let's practice both of those tenses. Preparation Make one copy of the two-page worksheet for each student. the main events of a story. I would suggest having an activity or activities on solely the past perfect before asking writers to do activities comparing past and past perfect. 2 The present perfect 4-2 → 4-4 Ex. Congratulations and keep up the good work! Share Your Results. Simple Past English Tenses and English grammar worksheets, grammar rules, grammar exercises. The breadman comes to our housing estate every evening. What think you? 16 July 2011 at 20:52 Anonymous said. Tenses Exercises Grammar Exercises English Grammar Rules English Grammar Worksheets Teaching Class Student Teaching Grammar Activities English Activities English Lessons V Past perfect and past simple 2 A Match each sentence with the correct picture, a or b. The other two to three members of the group must convert the sentence to other tenses, as specified by Student One. English Grammar Lesson explained in Hindi. Use the past perfect form for the verb that describes the action that takes place first. My purpose is to device a course that will make English learning an easy and interesting process. Future Perfect Exercise 4. • Use the helping verb phrase " had been" before a verb in past perfect progressive tense to describe all subjects (I, we, you, they, he, she, it). 5 Our lives I - attends Listened 5. Select the best verb form: 1. The first person pronouns I and we take have. In English grammar, verbs are often used in a way that it indicates or denotes the time when an event occurred. Similar to English, the Present. Use the tense given in brackets. For example, students look at the image and write only in past tense. eaten have You + aliens. Michael said, "I am taking an English class. In this week’s 3 Minuten Deutsch episode is about the use of the verb “sein” in the simple past when speaking in German instead of using the present perfect tense. was going has gone will have gone. Tenses Exercises Grammar Exercises English Grammar Rules English Grammar Worksheets Teaching Class Student Teaching Grammar Activities English Activities English Lessons V Past perfect and past simple 2 A Match each sentence with the correct picture, a or b. Simply click and print! This is perfect for ESL teachers and students!. Verb tense tells you when the action happens. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Simple Past Tenses For Grade 6. The past perfect continuous tense is used to describe an action that began and was still in progress in the past before another past action started. 3 exercises English Exercises > verb tenses exercises. Choose the simple past or present perfect and talk about why each is necessary. Present and past tenses (exercises online) If you feel you need further practice with the grammar points that will come up in the exam, here you have a few interesting links that may help you. Structure/Formula for Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Tense Forms. Perfect Lesson 3 page 48 Past Perfect and Past Perfect Progressive Review the Grammar page 58 Connect the Grammar to Writing page 60 31 Climbers BASE jump from Half Dome at Yosemite National Park, California. Am-Is-Are 1. His eyes hurt him because… (he / sit in front of the computer. The first person pronouns I and we take have. grammar tenses worksheets exercises for beginners grade 5 class 6 with answers choosing the right tense english verb worksheet pdf. The ball struck the bat. 5: Past Perfect Tense ; Information Sheet 11. Add subordinating conjunctions or rearrange the order of the events, but don't change the meaning. Simple Past. have never been had never been was never being 3. Grade appropriate lessons, quizzes & printable worksheets. The past perfect tense is used to show past actions. You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. Questions – Exercises Questions and answers – Exercise · Questions in English and the tenses – Questions in the Simple Past – Exercise 2 · Questions in the Simple Present. These verbs that take up different forms to indicate the time of an action, event or condition by changing its form are called as tenses. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Past perfect progressive, Name date perfect tenses teaching, The perfect tenses review, W o r k s h e e t s, Verb tenses, Past perfect tense, A1 eingangskurs grammar exercises, Uses of perfect tenses. Do exercise 3 in class, either as a whole class activity or in pairs. Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple, Present Continuous Past Simple Future. It is used to make it clear that one event happened before another in the past. We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. You may find that many English tenses do not have direct translations in your language. " What did he say?. It is easy to form by adding had along with the past participle of any verb. “I had worked over my project”, he said. Tenses are now easy to teach and learn with the help of these animated movies, games, activities, comics and wall charts. Perfect Tense For Grade 5. Simple Past Tense Exercises (40 points) 11/16/2016 Instructions: I. at the same class. past perfect tense worksheet correct form of the verb worksheets grade 3 forms verbs free for teachers exercises class future perfect tense worksheet grade 5. Click here to review how to make the past perfect. Simple past tense We typed a story in computer class last week. My children are unable to cope with the pace of topics being taught in class. Use the simple trick to determine which verbs are action verbs and which ones are linking verbs. Can you score a perfect 10?. Bridging what is observed through looking at the newspaper articles, state that students need to be able to distinguish the difference between Present Perfect Tense and Simple Past Tense. The Blue Level provides instruction in basic English grammar and vocabulary for beginning level students. A ‘verb’ is an action word. The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech. Definition of the simple past tense The simple past tense, sometimes called the preterite, is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now. The ball flies through the air. eaten have You + aliens. The patient had died. TENSES EXERCISES. They (wait) at the station for 90 minutes when the train finally arrived. The second thing you probably noticed is that the past perfect is written with had and a past participle. Tenses are now easy to teach and learn with the help of these animated movies, games, activities, comics and wall charts. present tense 7. Recall that the Present Perfect Tense is a compound tense, because it requires an auxiliary verb, haber (to have) and the past participle of the verb. Past Perfect Tense represents two works which were occurred in the past; the second or later action follows Past Indefinite Tense. Subunit Outcomes Resource Location Resource Type; 6a. in Grade are 5 click Janet Standards check 3. Grammar exercises. citizens every year. The present perfect tense Watch this presentation and then do the exercises below: past simple (4) past tenses (2). Structure/Formula for Positive Sentences in Past Perfect Tense Forms. Exercises about Present Perfect Tense. If you want to see the lesson, you can watch it in English or German. In your notebook write 10 verbs that take. had not read. Present Tense and Past Tense Verb Matching Worksheet (Grades Present and Past & -ed endings - mon site (printed) Draw lines to connect the present tense verb with its past tense verb. Review how to make the future perfect here Download this quiz in PDF here. “I had worked over my project”, he said. Forms With most verbs the past tense is formed by. You need to learn irregular past tense verbs. future perfect progressive John has always. Have fun with these lessons. For ESL learners. 10 → 17 Pr. Some of the most confusing tenses in the English language are the present perfect and past perfect. Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect simple). I have lived here for three years. There is another set of verb tenses known as the perfect tense: past perfect, present perfect, and future perfect. Simple past and past perfect tense exercise. Online quiz to test your understanding of the Present Perfect tense in English. walk walking). Past Perfect Tense Exercises With Answers. You can also use them as a self-evaluation. The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action that began before a certain point in the past and continued up to that time; as: Renu had been reading book for two hours. See these pages: Past tense; Verbs in time clauses and conditionals; Wishes and hypotheses. Passive Voice (Παθητική Φωνή) Simple Tenses 01 Passive Voice Simple Tenses Statements 02 Passive Voice Simple Tenses Interrogative 03 Passive Voice Simple Tenses Negative 04 Passive Voice Simple Tenses Choose the Right Tense 05 Passive Voice Simple Tenses Active or Passive. Verb (1st) First - From; Verb (2nd) Second - From; Verb (3rd) Third - From; Verb (4th) Fourth - From Or Verb with (Ing) We are learning about verbs From because in past continuous tense we have to use verb 4 From. You are requested to give your sentences as feedback below this post to help others and yourself. These are the practice worksheet to give an idea for sentences of present and past tense for class or grade 3 students. I never _____ you that I loved her; I only said that I liked her. Key word: had Example: Mary had never been to the movie theater before last night. for 5th Grade. tenses worksheets for grade 5 simple past tense worksheet tenses worksheets for grade 5 simple future tense past present and future tense worksheets 5th grade. Download PDF. We make the present perfect tense form by putting has / have before the past participle form of the verb. There are two words used for the reference of time- 'since' and 'for'. I rode my bike to school today. Worked as Development officer in Lic of India. Simple Past English Tenses and English grammar worksheets, grammar rules, grammar exercises. I have paid the bill. Change of tenses. Two PDF verb tenses worksheets to download. My hair was wet because…(I / swim) c. SAMPLE Venki (see) many wild animals in India before he (move) to New York City. Let them fully comprehend and learn to use the tense before moving on to distinguishing it from other tenses. Verb Tenses. Μόλις ετοιμάσουμε και τους continuous θα τους ανεβάσουμε! Αν ψάχνετε για ασκήσεις χρήσης των χρόνων, θα τις βρείτε εδώ: Grammar Exercises. past perfect tense worksheet correct form of the verb worksheets grade 3 forms verbs free for teachers exercises class future perfect tense worksheet grade 5. Formulae Handbook for Class 10 Maths and Science CBSE Class 10 English Grammar - Tenses I. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: