Docker Start Container From Image

Connect to the node via SSH. 04 LTS (64 bit) VPS, using Nginx as a reverse SSL proxy, Hubot chatbot, and necessary scripts for automatic restart and crash recovery. Everything in Concourse is stateless and everything runs in a container, except the CLI. Docker Run Image as Container - Create Container From Docker Image In this post, we are going to see how to create an image and run the image as a container and manage it. Now let’s start with the. Use the latest TensorFlow GPU image to start a bash shell session in the container: docker run --gpus all -it tensorflow/tensorflow:latest-gpu bash Success: TensorFlow is now installed. In this tutorial, you'll see how to build Docker images, run them locally, and then push those images to your IBM Cloud account so you can deploy them to a Kubernetes cluster running in the IBM Cloud. The Docker image is read-only. How Did I “Hack” AWS Lambda to Run Docker Containers. One of the most important aspects of container isolation is that each container interacts with its own, private filesystem; this filesystem is provided by a Docker image. Deploying and Destroying Custom Docker Containers. You can watch the process or log details to see what’s going on in the container. NET Core, which means it is cross-platform. In this course, we will discuss basic Docker concepts, including base images, Dockerfiles, and containers. This article is part of a series: Docker — from the beginning part I, This covers why Docker and the basic concepts such containers, images and Dockerfile and of course the commands you need to manage them. docker restart SQL19-23. Empty if state is absent If detached is false , will include Output attribute containing any output from container run. Registry: a repository for Docker Images. Deploy an application to a container instance on-demand when you don't need a full container orchestration platform like Azure Kubernetes Service. This makes it easy to start up a program—like a command line—on the running container. Along with the image name, we can also include the image tag to indicate which particular version we want, by default, this is latest. Updated Monthly in 2019! Be ready for the Dockerized future with the number ONE Docker + Kubernetes mega-course on Udemy. tar file from IBM® Fix Central is idg_dkxxx. docker run docker/whalesay cowsay Hi from TechTarget. For more information about the Engine API, see its documentation. A running instance of an image is called a container. Once the Dockerfile is ready, we need to build the image before running it in a container. Getting a shell for build/tooling operations. You can start the image as a container. If you are in IT space for a couple of years, you will know how Docker disrupted IT. A Dockerfile is a recipe (or blueprint if that helps) for building Docker images, and the act of running a separate build command produces the Docker image from that recipe. The docker run command creates new docker containers from images. They can be set to control whether your containers start automatically when they exit, or when Docker. And last but not least - for curiosity's sake - you just want to explore what exactly is inside your running container. This means to add our new user, we will need a running container. # docker run [OPTIONS] [COMMAND] [ARG] For example below command will create new docker container using the image named “ubuntu”. Login into your server or local computer as root in your favourite terminal client, after that we will pull the Nginx docker image using the following command: docker pull nginx. Thanks, @tmichels. Use any publicly available container images from Docker Hub or other registries. Docker SSH into the Container. The Docker command is specific and tells the Docker program on the Operating System that something needs to be done. sh bash script into an Ubuntu-based image and set it as the default command for the running container. When the container exits you lose access to the. You can start the image as a container. Important - If you need help to troubleshoot the configuration of Elasticsearch, Logstash, or Kibana, regardless of where the services are running (in a Docker container or not), please head over to the Elastic forums. Strategies to Manage Persistent Data. Finally use the following command to export container named ubuntu-web (container id: f2582758af13) and make a zipped archive named ubuntu-web. I will enable a one time free support case for you to sort out the issue. To run this image, use the Docker Compose configuration located in the src/main/docker folder of your application:. Or you can use a host-path to use a bind mount; see the postgres docker image documentation under "Where to Store Data". docker ps -a. That’s good, because we’ve not done. Updated Monthly in 2019! Be ready for the Dockerized future with the number ONE Docker + Kubernetes mega-course on Udemy. Now that the Docker engine is installed, let’s pull a default Windows Server Core image from Docker: PowerShell. Docker Hub would be a good place to look. Within a Docker image there is no separate operating system, as illustrated in Figure 1. The docker run command we used in the images tutorial was a simple way of combining two steps. Although containers generally aren't overly resource-intensive, container hosts often run large numbers of containers simultaneously. Before you delete a container service in the Orion Web Console, remove Orion containers and images from the node manually with Docker commands. You won't be able to remove an image until you remove all. A list of all published Docker images and tags is available at www. 6 image so that it can run an Apache HTTP server. Once triton-docker has been installed, you'll be able to run containers on Triton. Before going into some more practical examples, let's get the basic theory out of the way first. The Docker engine itself is responsible for running the actual container image built by running 'docker build'. NVIDIA Container Toolkit. Some of the examples of management commands are builder, config, container, image, network, etc. To turn an image into a container, the Docker engine takes the image, adds a read-write filesystem on top and initialises various settings including network ports, container name, ID and resource limits. Since running containers is the main order of business for the automation pipelines, creating containers is well supported. docker create --name=redis-0 redis docker restore --force=true --image-dir=/tmp/redis redis-0. Once you develop or create your own Docker image, you can upload it to the Docker Hub. Docker images for Logstash are available from the Elastic Docker registry. This agent can be a Docker container. I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Core Managed CentOS 6. Remove one or more images; docker run: Run a command in a new container; docker save: Save one or more images to a tar archive (streamed to STDOUT by default) docker search: Search the Docker Hub for images; docker secret: Manage Docker secrets; docker service: Manage services; docker stack: Manage Docker stacks; docker start: Start one or more. Hardcoding secrets into container images. so far so good. Lets say I ran the following command: docker run ubuntu touch /tmp/file And now I have stopped container with file in tmp. Listing images in the host cache. This will download the ubuntu image from Docker Hub and start a new container form it. Then, we'll take a more detailed look at how to run, start, stop, and remove containers. To make it really clear, an image is like a snapshot a software component. This will allow traffic coming in to the Docker host on port 80 to be directed to port 80 in the container. Anti-pattern 1 – Treating Docker containers as Virtual Machines. Now let’s start with the. The final part of the command, jupyter/pyspark-notebook tells Docker we want to run the container from the jupyter/pyspark-notebook image. Run a container and get its output:. 0 image: ubuntu:14. It relies on the base container as it's image. You won't be able to remove an image until you remove all. Add your system user to the Docker group by running:. For Docker, images serve as the building blocks of your containers. In our next example, we'll create a volume at the same time as the container, delete the container, then attach the volume to a new container. Pushing images to Docker Cloud requires a free Docker ID. As at the first release, here’s what HA-Dockermon can do: Get the status of a container (running, stopped). To enable this, pass the Docker host's IP address to the container using the --add-host flag. Repositories provide a mechanism for Docker image distribution and sharing. What I did is to use Upstart files. An image can also be used to start multiple containers. Docker containers are not automatically removed when you stop them unless you start the container using the --rm flag. 2) Deploy Only Trusted Docker Images: enable the Content Trust feature for guarantee the authencity and integrity of the pulled images from Docker Hub. Ports – Lists the ports to expose on the Docker container. Along with the image name, we can also include the image tag to indicate which particular version we want, by default, this is latest. Docker Registry. Let's stop the Docker container that is currently running and delete it. To list all available images use docker images command. docker stop openproject And start it again: docker start openproject If you want to destroy the container, run the following commands. Downloading the Latest MongoDB Docker Image. Docker images for Logstash are available from the Elastic Docker registry. The NVIDIA Container Toolkit allows users to build and run GPU accelerated Docker containers. Docker Container and Image. You can use them to write your own Docker files, create your own image, or start your own service for training purposes. If any docker image is out of compliance , it will be blacklisted from this repo and eventually removed. The source code is in GitHub. With Compose, you use a YAML file to configure your application’s services. Hardcoding secrets into container images. Please follow the guidelines to be compliant. # docker-compose exec engine-api anchore-cli. Specifically, you'll learn how to use Docker Compose to orchestrate multiple Docker container images. To get started, let us create an instance of Laravel running inside a Docker container. Docker Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. To list all available images use docker images command. The Image is a file more like a manifest, where you define what are the packages and software and configurations should be available when you create a container from the image. MySQL is a widely used, open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Provided that the name of the Docker image that you wish to work with interactively is IMAGE, you can use the following commands to run an interactive container for that Docker image: ID=$(sudo docker run -i -t -d IMAGE /bin/bash) sudo docker attach $ID. In this quickstart, you use Azure Container Registry Tasks commands to quickly build, push, and run a Docker container image natively within Azure, showing how to offload your "inner-loop" development cycle to the cloud. For instance, you have just pulled a CentOS or Ubuntu image using docker pull centos:latest or docker pull ubuntu:latest. Next, run the Docker image as a container: docker run -it \ -v $(pwd):/workdir my_project_image bash Line by line explanation of the above command: The default docker run command followed by the -i and -t flags when used together (as -it) allows us to run the Docker container as an interactive process. Spin them up and then provide “Day 2” management of the containers for end users, such as start/stop and monitoring of Docker applications. These base images are used to build custom images with applications injected. See: Docker Compose events docs & PR. Pushing images to Docker Cloud requires a free Docker ID. One of the most important aspects of container isolation is that each container interacts with its own, private filesystem; this filesystem is provided by a Docker image. The run command is used to mention that we want to create an instance of an image, which is then called a container. Docker for Windows Server fails to pull image or start container Article ID When pulling an image or starting a container on an instance of Docker EE running on. docker start. It relies on the base container as it's image. I know about commit but I do not want to create new image for every new command. io/redis-slave. Let dive in to explore more. If you are new to the Docker layering concept we suggest reading Docker’s Understand images, containers, and storage drivers documentation. Our project has a docker image built on Windows that is pushed to azure container registry and DockerHub. Docker images are a read-only template which is a base foundation to create a container from. If any docker image is out of compliance , it will be blacklisted from this repo and eventually removed. Docker run Image – Create and Start a Container from our Image; Image Credits to SwapnIl Dwivedi – UnSplash Image vs Container. Start the Loggly Docker Container. docker run -i -t ubuntu /bin/bash [email protected]:/#. It takes more than 3-0 to 45 sec to start the container, in Linux it is used to start in < 1 sec. Removing Docker Containers. docker rm $(docker ps -a -q) docker rmi $(docker images -q) This solution has be proposed by GitHub user @crosbymichael in this issue. Looking inside containers. The documentation is pretty easy to read and also has some examples in the background. A Codefresh pipeline can start and stop a Docker image as part of the build process using a syntax similar to Docker compose. This tutorial will concentrate on how to build a custom Docker image based on Ubuntu with Apache service installed. Create and test individual containers for each component of your application by first creating Docker images. yml’ file that tells docker-compose to build a ‘web’ and a ‘redis’ image to launch containers from locally. You can either try to run your container without the -d flag, or check the exit code of a stopped container with $ docker ps -a and finding the most recent one in the output. First, let's start the container with the command: [docker run -d -p 80:80 nopcommerce]. Listing Docker Containers. You don’t have to deploy a service or stack to start a Docker container based on a Docker image. 3 December 2017. At the core of successfully running Docker container deployments is a thorough knowledge of the creation and administration of Docker images. Even with this level of flexibility, there are many ways you can make Docker containers even more efficient. These instructions are intended for committing changes to Docker containers. Strategies to Manage Persistent Data. In order to complete that update, you will need to update to version 1. Next, run the Docker image as a container: docker run -it \ -v $(pwd):/workdir my_project_image bash Line by line explanation of the above command: The default docker run command followed by the -i and -t flags when used together (as -it) allows us to run the Docker container as an interactive process. Since this is a test, we don't need to tie up disk space with old images. Remove one or more containers. Install Docker on Linux Install Docker Compose on Linux If your project/app uses multiple containers then it will be unreasonable trying to run the individual containers separately and then linking them. Start Your Docker Enterprise Hosted Trial container images in your Docker Trusted Registry come from a trusted source and have not been tampered with. Start by cloning or forking getsentry/onpremise. To get started, let’s go ahead and launch a Redis container with the docker run command. Docker packages applications as images that contain everything needed to run them: code, runtime environment, libraries, and configuration. The docker command now consists of multiple management commands having related sub-commands embedded within them. $ docker run [OPTIONS] IMAGE[:TAG] [COMMAND] [ARG] This command is optional because the person who created the IMAGE may have already provided a default COMMAND using the Dockerfile CMD. It is a combination of file system and parameters. Docker version 1. Docker containers are not automatically removed when you stop them unless you start the container using the --rm flag. Images are loaded from the registry, where they are publicly available to anyone. Docker uses cgroups, a union file system and other Linux primitives to run your container. After your Docker containers are set up and running, you might need to be able to start some of them automatically on a reboot or a crash. Some examples: an Android SDK image should be able to compile a project without first applying updates to the container. Images are distributed via the Docker registry. They can be set to control whether your containers start automatically when they exit, or when Docker. $ docker build -t. I could run a Windows Server container with an. Get a Shell to a Container. Then, we will create the container, and we are going to map the port 777 to the 80 port at the container. Docker helped create a group called the Open Container Initiative formed June 22nd 2015. When you executed the command docker container run hello-world, it also did a docker image pull behind the scenes to download the hello-world image. Assume that you run a SQL Server 2017 Linux container image on Docker for Windows. This repo contains all currently quick start docker images contributed by the community. Hello, How can I download image microsoft/mssql-server-2014-express-windows, for example, and run container about this image? For linux I did this “docker run ubunut /bin/echo hello, world!” and this command downloaded image and mount container relative image ubuntu. jar application in a Docker container from the To start with, you need to install the Docker platform for your OS used to build a Docker image. PORT is the port at which the private Docker image repository container is running. Docker has two editions. In order to view if the new image has been successfully created just run docker images command and a listing of all. In this course, I'll show you how to get started using Docker. I have to maintain and move a bunch of stuff that ISN'T the app. Then the Docker daemon runs as a Windows process, and every time you start a Linux container, Docker launches a minimal Virtual Machine with a Linux kernel. The build config instructs Cloud Build to perform tasks based on your specifications. Docker is a tool that can help make your company more agile and flexible. If Docker can't find the image, it will check Docker hub and download the image. With Compose, you use a YAML file to configure your application's services. Deploy an application to a container instance on-demand when you don't need a full container orchestration platform like Azure Kubernetes Service. - It is the first time we have mentioned the Docker Hub. In this entry, we launch two OpenStack VMs running Ubuntu 14. `run` creates a container from an image and tries to start it. An image is a combination of a file system and parameters. This creates and starts a run configuration with default settings, which builds an image based on the Dockerfile and then runs a container based on this image. When creating docker images and containers, the files get placed in C:\ProgramData\docker\ - can I move that to the D drive?. In this post, we are going to see how to Design and Develop a Simple NodeJS web application and Deploy the NodeJS web application to Docker and How to create Docker Images and start the container from the images and How to manage the docker container and publish your images…. When it comes to modifying a Docker image, our first thought is modifying the underlying Dockerfile. Which starts a bash session and ends it soon after that. Login to Access Content. How To Share Data Between the Docker Container and the Host. Images typically start with a root filesystem and add filesystem changes and their corresponding execution parameters in ordered, read-only layers. To do this, you need to have Docker client properly installed and configured on your machine. This will start firefox at the given display. If you start an image, you have a running container of this image. 04 LTS (64 bit) VPS, using Nginx as a reverse SSL proxy, Hubot chatbot, and necessary scripts for automatic restart and crash recovery. To turn an image into a container, the Docker engine takes the image, adds a read-write filesystem on top and initialises various settings including network ports, container name, ID and resource limits. To run a Docker container, first, you need to download an image from Docker Hub – provides free images from its repositories. This helps avoid vendor lock-in and means your applications will be portable between many different cloud providers and hosts. Docker images; SELinux; Run GitLab Runner in a container. Let us start a container using the wordpress image with the command below. Docker Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. If you start an image, you have a running container of this image. Start or stop a container by issuing a POST request. Kane, Karl Matthias] on Amazon. R users and admins should be familiar with four key concepts: Dockerfiles, Images, Registries, and Containers. The image contains the code that will run including any definitions for any libraries and dependancies your code needs. Docker Engine is the container runtime. Instead of running docker container with an interactive shell it is also possible to let docker container to run as a daemon which means that the docker container would run in the background completely detached from your current shell. PORT is the port at which the private Docker image repository container is running. It is very slow. docker images. In this section, you create a Docker image of a simple web application, and test it on your local system or EC2 instance, and then push the image to a container registry (such as Amazon ECR or Docker Hub) so you can use it in an ECS task definition. \d ocker \b ackend-analytics \i ndex-handler \D ockerfile. now i have two images of oracledatabase with the first is with the tag V1 and the second with V2,. Docker Containers are running instances of Docker images. Run the docker container with the required image and specified command / process. bsr[~/tmp/web] $ docker ps -a CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES cf620ff6c36a ubuntu:latest "/bin/bash" 2 hours ago Exited (0) 2 minutes ago test 8213c8d49842 nginx:latest "nginx" 3 hours ago Up About an hour 0:49154->80/tcp web bsr[~/tmp/web] $ docker start test test bsr[~/tmp/web] $ docker ps -a CONTAINER ID IMAGE. If you see a bunch of our competitors listed you can easily remove them with (this is a joke. …And that's the whole point of images,…it's they are fixed points where you know…everything's good and you can always start from there. Note: Change the version of docker inside the Dockerfile based on your own requirements. Tip submitted by @Akuka. All Docker images start from a base image. This will act the base for your own custom Sentry. Docker hub is an image repository, meaning it hosts open source community built images that are available to download. Container: an active, stateful instance of an image that is read-write. What's a Docker Container? The Main Difference: The main difference between a container and an image is the top writable layer. Not the different port mapping argument:. 2) Deploy Only Trusted Docker Images: enable the Content Trust feature for guarantee the authencity and integrity of the pulled images from Docker Hub. Connect to the node via SSH. Now you can pillage whatever is in the image. Docker provides different tools to monitor the containers. In order to view if the new image has been successfully created just run docker images command and a listing of all. First, we need to create Docker hosts in which we can run the containers. When a Docker container is deleted, relaunching the image will start a fresh container without any of the changes made in the previously running container -- those changes are lost. jar application in a Docker container from the To start with, you need to install the Docker platform for your OS used to build a Docker image. AWS Deep Learning Containers (AWS DL Containers) are Docker images pre-installed with deep learning frameworks to make it easy to deploy custom machine learning (ML) environments quickly by letting you skip the complicated process of building and optimizing your environments from scratch. Hardcoding secrets into container images. Before you delete a container service in the Orion Web Console, remove Orion containers and images from the node manually with Docker commands. Get a Shell to a Container. Docker manages containers, and each container that Docker runs depends on an image. Download an Image from Docker and Start a Container Process. Both commands do the same thing. The option -p 80:80 exposes the Container port 80 as the Host port 80 to the world. docker container commit : Now that we have an image, we can run a container based on such an image. Docker Compose lets you specify the images your application will use together with any volumes or networks needed. docker rmi $(docker images -q) --force Background information: You can see the containers on your computer using. They contain information about what’s required to create containers. Using Docker containers makes for an incredibly easy way to roll out apps and. To make it really clear, an image is like a snapshot a software component. The first container will simply start and run a non exiting process, while the second. This guide focuses on running OTBR Docker on the Raspberry Pi 3B (RPi3B) or any Linux-based machine, and has only been tested on those platforms. jpetazzo/nsenter is a Docker image configured to build nsenter from source. To launch a new Docker container using below command. In other words, it's a blueprint for the specific application or service that runs inside a given container. Azure Container Registry - Manage a Docker private registry as a first-class Azure resource. This Docker image contains a small Python web app. The source files are in Github. For example, when executing the  /wso2am/ run. Instead of running docker container with an interactive shell it is also possible to let docker container to run as a daemon which means that the docker container would run in the background completely detached from your current shell. Sometimes you may want to skip creating a mycontainerimage. Docker images for Logstash are available from the Elastic Docker registry. The format of Docker run is: docker run [options] image[:tag] [command] [args] When running the NAV on Docker images, we don't use command and args. It can take a while to set up the GPU-enabled image. Locate your container and click the toggle switch on the right to flip it over to running. In today's article, I'm going to show you another way to create and change a Docker image. Alleviate concern over application security; Try Docker containers with free, hosted lab tutorials or download and take a tutorial to start building apps. It is possible to start multiple Docker containers from the same Docker image. This makes it easy to start up a program—like a command line—on the running container. Lets say I ran the following command: docker run ubuntu touch /tmp/file And now I have stopped container with file in tmp. But in some cases we may need to create or enhance the existing image. Then the Union File System adds a read-write layer on top. Inside of this repository, we have a sentry. We will now create a virtual screen inside a docker container. Docker’s commit command allows users to take a running container and save its current state as an image. - [Instructor] So we can see we went from an Image…to a Running Container. How To Install Docker on CentOS 7 II. 3 this was ansible_docker_container but was renamed in 2. This Docker image uses some advanced concepts such as linking, storage volumes, and multiple images, so it may not be a good choice for learning Docker, however if you're willing to put some time into researching the concepts and background of Docker, we'll be happy to help you as best we can. 10 b750fe78269d me/myapp latest 7b2431a8d968 $ docker images -a # also show intermediate Manages images. Luckily I created the container with the -it option!. This creates and starts a run configuration with default settings, which builds an image based on the Dockerfile and then runs a container based on this image. Docker containers, when run in detached mode (the most common -d option), are designed to shut down immediately after the initial entrypoint command (program that should be run when container is built from image) is no longer running in the foreground. Docker SSH into the Container. Let’s stop the Docker container that is currently running and delete it. First, run the below command to get the Nginx image. When Docker images are used to provision containers and you use volume mount location (default location of /var/opt/mssql) or any parent directory, SQL Server will not start. These images are free to use under the Elastic license. -t will give us a terminal, and -i will allow us to interact with it. 6 image so that it can run an Apache HTTP server. Also note this bug in Docker for Windows, which is under investigation, where a container can start with one memory setting and not with another. Push your images to a Docker registry. Here, we are mounting a host directory inside the container where all the data is stored. When a container is created it takes the snapshot of file system from the docker image. Docker has been a hot topic this year. Use Azure Container Instances to run serverless Docker containers in Azure with simplicity and speed. now i have two images of oracledatabase with the first is with the tag V1 and the second with V2,. Before you delete a container service in the Orion Web Console, remove Orion containers and images from the node manually with Docker commands. Now the Image is ready and available in Docker Hub. Each layer of a Docker image is read-only. Container vs. Building a Container in Docker. Docker uses a feature known as an overlay file system to implement a copy-on-write process that stores any updated information to the root file system of a container, compared to the original image. A list of all published Docker images and tags is available at www. Last code update: 257 days ago ⭐️103. Containers are like extremely lightweight VMs - they allow code to run in isolation from other containers but safely share the machine's resources, all without the overhead of a hypervisor. Docker has an official image for it in Docker Hub (search for. If any docker image is out of compliance , it will be blacklisted from this repo and eventually removed. Docker containers are not automatically removed when you stop them unless you start the container using the --rm flag. We then see how to stop, re-start and remove the container. That's why we will erase the example image. Anyway, that wouldn't make sense because you (generally) don't run a desktop environment in a Docker container. For example, when executing the  /wso2am/ run. Read the tutorials. Though it took some time to download image, It started. I'd like to set up a Windows Server Core container. yml ready for customizing. There are a LOT of options for the run command. This app uses the Flask web framework to serve a web page which displays the message "Hello, World!" To create the Docker image: Create a directory to store the three Docker image files. For this quickstart, build the following Docker image so that you have an image to push to Container Registry. Docker containers run on and made changes on images. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: