Docker Registry List Tags

logs Fetch the logs of a container network Manage Docker networks node Manage Docker Swarm nodes pause Pause all processes within one or more containers plugin Manage Docker plugins port List port mappings or a specific mapping for the container ps List containers pull Pull an image or a repository from a registry push Push an image or a. TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE > This is correct. username/image_name is not a mandatory format for specifying the name of the image. It can be a public docker registry or a private docker registry. Currently, docker has not provided any registry container to run on windows platform. A registry typically hosts multiple docker repositories. Author all4dich Posted on September 18, 2018 September 18, 2018 Categories Engineering Tools Tags Docker 1 Comment on Deploy a Docker registry with enabling ‘Secured’ and ‘Authenticated’ Docker file to make Gnome environment. “The Docker Registry HTTP API is the protocol to facilitate distribution of images to the docker engine. It can be used with Docker or Azure Container Registry. In this part, we are going to learn the difference between a Docker registry and a Docker repository and how to persist the changes we made to our images. To figure out the loginServer name of the Azure Container Registry we just created you can use the following command: az acr list. The Docker Registry HTTP API is the protocol to facilitate distribution of images to the docker engine. Check the history. A list of all published Docker images and tags is available at www. Michal Fojtik on (5) [registry] Import docker labels as annotations. To see all images currently stored in the Codefresh Registry, select Artifacts -> Images from the left sidebar and you will see a sorted list of all images. When a new container is created from an image, a writable layer is also created. This chapter from Docker Containers: Build and Deploy with Kubernetes, Flannel, Cockpit, and Atomic explains how to create a private Docker registry in Fedora or Ubuntu, use the docker-registry package, use the registry container image, and understand the Docker image namespace. yaml under listen is currently ignored when using docker. >> >> However, when updating the deployment config for the docker-registry as follows: >>. Get a list of images using REST. These images are free to use under the Elastic license. In this case since we have not configured any specific registry, it asks the default registry Docker hub for the image with name hello-world. The Red Hat Ecosystem Catalog is where you can find solutions built by our partners that are certified to work with your Red Hat technologies. By default, Docker shows all top-layer images, such as the repository, tags and file sizes. Docker Hub is the default place of docker images, its stores’ public registry. In this part, we are going to learn the difference between a Docker registry and a Docker repository and how to persist the changes we made to our images. A list of all published Docker images and tags is available at www. Push your first image to a private Docker container registry using the Docker CLI. reset - Reset the Docker "sandbox"¶ In order to preserve the contents of the in-container home directory between runs, a special "sandbox" directory is volume-mounted into the container. You can host your own registry or use a provider’s registry. Searching a Docker Image. 0 produces docker tags 1, 1. We advise to use the most recent version. Debian is a Linux distribution that's composed entirely of free and open-source software. Solution Summary. Like the git counterpart, a docker repository is identified by a. Claim control of your Docker images. Now let’s see in this docker tutorial, how you can push an image to the registry. They contain open source. I need to be able to list/delete image and repositories to my private registry. This document describes how to use the enterprise functionality of the NVIDIA® GPU Cloud (NGC) container registry. These repositories keep all the available versions of a particular image. The image property of a container supports the same syntax as the docker command does, including private registries and tags. Ther are a lot of pre-built images out there on the docker hub. DTR is offered as an add-on to Docker Enterprise subscriptions of Standard or higher. I can confirm this bug. how to delete a tags in private registry 8. It makes the whole development operations process easier, faster, and cheaper – all while reducing the number of servers needed. "Simple to set up" is the primary reason people pick Docker Registry 2. The registry name format is: gcr. Docker Hub‘s automated build system is one of it’s most popular features. In any case, for us “simple” NAV “dinosaurs”, these docker tags doesn’t always seem to be easy to “assemble”, so getting a list of all of them, is sometimes nice to get to the very specific one that one might need – or just to get an idea of what else is out there (or better yet “in there”). Pushing Docker images from a developer workstation is even more dangerous if the changes are not committed first. The registry shipped with MicroK8s is hosted within the Kubernetes cluster and is. $ docker build -t [username/][:tag] #Build an image called myimage using the Dockerfile in the same folder where the command was executed $ docker build-t myimage:latest. This also includes to list or search for a Docker Image from private, public registry. Docker is designed to tightly integrate with the publicly-hosted hub. Similar to Docker itself, the registry provides a Rest API to interact with it. As with everyone else, we keep filling up on space. I understand that one does not just delete images and that the Registry maintains tags that point to layers. For older versions, see our archive Singularity is good friends with Docker. Click the looking glass icon to search the Docker Hub. Docker registry will be installed locally so it will be secure and really very fast. Docker utilizes storage drivers to manage contents of image layers. Requirements. stack docker pull pulls an image from the Docker registry for the first time, or updates the image by pulling the latest version. The most common tag is latest, which represents the latest version of the image. Returns a Docker::Registry::Result::RepositoryTags object with the list of tags PROVIDERS Different cloud providers of Docker registries have subtle differences between them, so there are specialized classes for each supported provider:. This is the final part of my private Docker Registry series and the following list shows the outline of the series: Part 1: How to set up your private Docker registry? Private Docker Registry Setup. Like the git counterpart, a docker repository is identified by a. List all NAV Docker Image Tags on Docker Hub | Pardaan. It is the location where the Docker images are stored. I tried with: docker search registry. list all tags of an image in docker hub. This project allows queries on existing repositories and tags of a Docker Registry (v2). list all tags for perticulat image form private registry 7. Returns a Docker::Registry::Result::RepositoryTags object with the list of tags PROVIDERS Different cloud providers of Docker registries have subtle differences between them, so there are specialized classes for each supported provider:. Supported External Registries The Replicated Native Scheduler supports pulling public, unauthenticated images from any Docker registry that supports the standard Docker Registry HTTP API. dll DockerLogout (ICakeContext, string) Logout from a Docker registry. List of FREE private docker registry and. When a tech is new, what makes a best practice? Working at Microsoft, running the Azure Container Registry (ACR), talking with lots of customers, some that use Azure and some that don't, we've had a lot of exposure to what customers have encountered. You can do this from either your default registry or from a registry associated with another AWS account. Shows you the size of each image, too. Type docker into the search box and then click the Apply button next to the Docker Compose task. See Defining a new Docker capability. The commands for pulling differ slightly from the examples given in the image documentation in the Container Registry because image names have recently changed. Whether you are a seasoned Docker developer or just getting started, Visual Studio Code makes it easy to author Dockerfile and docker-compose. It’s not easy to find out total storage used by all tags of a particular image since docker-registry stores all image layers in a single flat directory. Before the layer is uploaded to a registry as part of a push, it is compressed for bandwidth efficiency. One of the first things you will want to do, after coming up to speed with Docker, is probably setup a Registry Server. The next weird thing is the idea of a Registry and an _Index_, and how these are separate things. Before you begin. Docker Hubではなく自分だけのレジストリが欲しい場合はレジストリサーバーをコンテナで立てましょう。 大抵は以下の様な時に使いたくなると思います。 自分で使ってみる、社内に. The links configuration links the container the another service, in our case to the registry. If it is not positioned after the Publish Artifact task, then drag the Docker Compose task under it so that it is the last step in the build. Actually these tags will be used for routing when we push these tagged images to registry. Note: A repository can have any number of image tags. If you already ran docker login, you can copy that credential into Kubernetes:. Before you push your Docker image to GCR, you need to tag it with its registry name. docker tag source-image registry-server:port/name:tag. Examples are provided using curl. Like the git counterpart, a docker repository is identified by a. Inspection time. Log in to the Private Docker Registry using the following command. The Manifest List is how Docker Hub supports different architectures with the single image name and tag of ubuntu:16. In any case, for us “simple” NAV “dinosaurs”, these docker tags doesn’t always seem to be easy to “assemble”, so getting a list of all of them, is sometimes nice to get to the very specific one that one might need – or just to get an idea of what else is out there (or better yet “in there”). Apr 3, 2015 · 3 min read. Pulling the images can take a while… (can be hours on Wifi). Just fire the below command to list out that. The next step is to publish it to Azure Container Registry. Continue through this series of tutorials to configuring your container, and committing the changes to create a Docker image. docker login https://registry. Naturally, you can have many running containers of the same image. Gitlab Docker Container Registry Login Failure For more information on Gitlab, visit gitlab. Recently a new Docker release 17. For more information, see the docker pull command reference. Docker registry explorer. You’ll have to write code to do that. A Docker registry is a storage and content delivery system for named Docker images, which are the industry standard for containerized applications. As with everyone else, we keep filling up on space. It does not depend on docker itself. Docker API is used by Docker commands. See Defining a new Docker capability. To search an image on a Docker registry, run the following command. NET applications. 1の様子なので最新バージョンを指定。. So is better to create a private registry on a server in your intranet, an activity that poses some problems for the…. Everyone knows that in the early days of the Docker platform's existence, more emphasis was placed on the Dev… 02 Mar 2016. If you want to reach Verdaccio docker instance under different port, lets say 5000 in your docker run command add the environment variable VERDACCIO_PORT=5000 and then expose the port -p 5000:5000. Claim control of your Docker images. –all-tags, -a:. This is now the source for all Windows Container Images like Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016 and all the Semi-Annual Channel releases like Windows Server, version 1709 or Windows Server, version 1803. 0 List all images that are locally stored: Docker images Delete an image from the docker store:. In this tutorial, we will explain what Dockerfile is, how to create one and how to build a Docker image with Dockerfile. The offical Docker docs list compatible OSs and vendors. Import removes the need to docker pull, docker tag, docker push. When a Docker image is built by the Docker server, it is assigned an alphanumeric ID which is derived from the contents of the image itself. It stores a lot of Docker images with different software. Docker has the concept of the 'latest' tag, which is the last version of an image that's published. $ docker info Registry: https://index. 11 release it appears the UA check on the docker registry api calls is now removed so other tools can now call the registry api. Docker registry server and client are now ready to use. Credentials store The actual name of what I am about to show is called Credentials store, where docker is using the external store to authenticate credentials …. Another simple command to enable and start the Docker service: # systemctl enable docker # systemctl start docker 4. Before you push your Docker image to GCR, you need to tag it with its registry name. Get Docker; Docker for Mac ; Docker for Windows(PC) Docker for AWS; Docker for Azure; Docker for Windows Server; Docker for Debian; Docker for Fedora® Docker for Oracle Linux; Docker for RHEL; Docker for SLES; Docker for Ubuntu. It makes the whole development operations process easier, faster, and cheaper – all while reducing the number of servers needed. This chapter from Docker Containers: Build and Deploy with Kubernetes, Flannel, Cockpit, and Atomic explains how to create a private Docker registry in Fedora or Ubuntu, use the docker-registry package, use the registry container image, and understand the Docker image namespace. js" -a "Sunday Ogwu-Chinuwa" d9b100f2f636 finid/ubuntu-nodejs; Note: When you commit an image, the new image is saved locally, that is, on your computer. Docker and custom port configuration. Docker is a set of coupled software-as-a-service and platform-as-a-service products that use operating-system-level virtualization to develop and deliver software in packages called containers. Whether you are a seasoned Docker developer or just getting started, Visual Studio Code makes it easy to author Dockerfile and docker-compose. Currently, docker has not provided any registry container to run on windows platform. jenkins で自動ビルド. org/downloads), azdata CLI (pip3 install. Type docker into the search box and then click the Apply button next to the Docker Compose task. Before the layer is uploaded to a registry as part of a push, it is compressed for bandwidth efficiency. List repositories/images, tags and layers. If you run docker images, you should see an image whose repository is username/image_name and tag is tag_name. list all images from the default registry (will take a LONG time and you might not have access):. Docker is an open-source project that allows you to use predefined images to run applications in independent "containers" that are run within a single Linux instance. Why use it. 0, Gitlab Container Registry, and Harbor are probably your best bets out of the 17 options considered. Repository: A docker repository is a logical collection of tags for an individual docker image, and is quite similar to a git repository. docker get list of tags in repository. Setup simple Docker registry to use it privately or share images which a team of developers. One of the things that makes Docker so useful is how easy it is to pull ready-to-use images from a central location, Docker’s Central Registry. Docker has a public registry, where you can create also a private repository for Docker images, but in every case for working environments there are issues about security and bandwidth with the public internet. We're going to start by adding a service connection to the container registry. Ftp is working as I've transfered 512MB file in less than 3 seconds. It is an on-premise application that allows users to administrate and secure their Docker registries. Any host:port configured in conf/config. This guide assumes the user is familiar with Linux and Docker, and has access to an NVIDIA GPU-based computing solution, such as an NVIDIA DGX system, that is configured for internet access and prepared for running NVIDIA GPU-accelerated Docker containers. If you already ran docker login, you can copy that credential into Kubernetes:. az acr login: Log in to an Azure Container Registry through the Docker CLI. However, between the time of image name discovery and image analysis, a number of repositories. –all-tags, -a:. Working with Docker. A registry typically hosts multiple docker repositories. List Docker Images provides a list of Docker images in the specified Artifactory Docker registry. To pull an image from the Registry, define the image_name and use the command: docker pull image_name:tag. Features Add as many registries as you want. You can see the Docker docs here. This may be the central Docker Hub registry or a custom registry. Whether you are a seasoned Docker developer or just getting started, Visual Studio Code makes it easy to author Dockerfile and docker-compose. The next weird thing is the idea of a Registry and an _Index_, and how these are separate things. To see installer options, run:. The reason is because the developers use and really like using Docker, and scientists have already put much resources into creating Docker images. local:5000/debian:8 Once we have tagged our image we can use docker push command to upload it our local docker registry:. logs Fetch the logs of a container network Manage Docker networks node Manage Docker Swarm nodes pause Pause all processes within one or more containers plugin Manage Docker plugins port List port mappings or a specific mapping for the container ps List containers pull Pull an image or a repository from a registry push Push an image or a. In our project, we are using Ubuntu 16. However, I'd like the registry's data to be located at a specific location on the host system, say, /mnt/registry. Docker registry will be installed locally so it will be secure and really very fast. Use fixed tags for immutability. Delete a registry entry from the explorer. Docker Registry 2. There are two types of registries, private and public. But you can find per-tag image sizes on Google Cloud Platform Console → Container Registry section. Docker has a public registry, where you can create also a private repository for Docker images, but in every case for working environments there are issues about security and bandwidth with the public internet. docker images allows you to manage images, for example: docker image ls to list all locally available images; docker image rm IMAGE to remove an image; docker image prune to remove dangling images (those not attached to a container, or a dependency for an image that is) docker image prune -a to remove all images; docker image tag IMAGE IMAGE to. List Docker Tags provides a list of tags for the specified Docker image. tags()-> a list of all tags in the repository; data(tag). 3 which are pushed to the registry. While you can easily docker search for images, it's not so straight forward to find out all available tags of a public docker image. My Docker registry is running behind a nginx proxy at: https://registry. For image you can use tag command to tag image with name or some id. Now that the image is tagged correctly, it can be pushed to the registry: docker push kjackal/mynginx. com with this result: NAME DESCRIPTION STARS OFFICIAL. $ docker run -d -p 5000:5000 --restart=always --name registry registry:2 That command: downloads the registry image which is tagged 2. docker tag then docker push. Working with MicroK8s' registry add-on. Check your local registry. Docker Swarm really made my life much easier. Docker Hub is the largest registry of Docker images. For more information, see the docker pull command reference. For each image you get some basic details such as the git branch, commit message and hash that created it, date of creation as well as all tags. You'll have to write code to do that. You can browse for and follow blogs, read recent entries, see what others are viewing or recommending, and request your own blog. If you agree, then you will have removed the specified tag or image. Repository: A docker repository is a logical collection of tags for an individual docker image, and is quite similar to a git repository. These are really two alias for the same image. GET /v2/_catalog. az acr network-rule. The Dockerfile and Go source code is located in each GitHub repository. Private registries are supported to some extent, but the Docker client and related tooling always assume you will be using their public registry, or at the very least, the official private Docker Registry that they built and support. But, if like me, you have also a local registry (running with Docker on my machine), you'll need to perfom some global tricks. yml file, with multiple tags, to an authenticated Docker Registry: Run Service Images. Before you begin. Recently a new Docker release 17. docker tag name/[id] image_name To rename container docker rename old_name new_name or docker container rename oldname newname. [email protected] You can do this from either your default registry or from a registry associated with another AWS account. The first step builds a production-ready Docker Image containing the Docker registry and two Python images for 2. If you're using Bamboo on Windows, you can't run Docker commands directly from the Windows command line. I have one docker server called PRIVREG with a private registry on it I can push and pull to that registry from the docker list of tags in that repo but if. Docker Registry is a storage. Docker Registry V2 api 本篇总结docker registry v2 api描述和使用docker-registry v2 API清单 名词解释 rep. Requirement:. As private some of the popular ones are Google Container, Quay, AWS Container, Docker Hub which is the default registry provided by Docker themselves. Microsoft Container Registry. Hello! I was searching for a web frontend for docker registry and found your Tomcat application. Docker Swarm really made my life much easier. It interacts with instances of the docker registry, which is a service to manage information about docker images and enable their distribution. Similar to Docker itself, the registry provides a Rest API to interact with it. "The Docker Registry HTTP API is the protocol to facilitate distribution of images to the docker engine. To be able to push Docker images to Azure Container Registry, they need to be tagged with the loginServer name of the Registry. list all tags from an image from a specified registry docker-browse tags mycool/image -r my. list all tags of an image in docker hub. These tags are used for routing purposes when we push these Docker images to Azure. Claim control of your Docker images. Selection of more compose files (ex : docker-compose -f. Docker is trying to search the image hello-world locally & since it doesn’t find it, it tries to do pull (download) the image from registry. Like the git counterpart, a docker repository is identified by a. If everything went according to plan you should see enabled node dind-node in the node's list. With docker becoming more and more widely popular, the need for hosted container registries and respositories has grown. Notice I see a success message from Docker after I enter the command. Bug 1395401 - block-registry does not work for docker. io -u demouser -p myPassword. Ther are a lot of pre-built images out there on the docker hub. In this post we will use Docker-Machine to provision a Boot2Docker host for a local Docker Registry and explain how to configure other Machines (i. Gitlab CI Helpers. docker pull your_image_name (optional) verification. com Pull, tag, create env files. However, I'd like the registry's data to be located at a specific location on the host system, say, /mnt/registry. A Kubernetes cluster uses the Secret of docker-registry type to authenticate with a container registry to pull a private image. >> >> However, when updating the deployment config for the docker-registry as follows: >>. Because Azure Container Registry is compatible with the open-source Docker Registry v2, you can use the same open-source Docker CLI tools you already know and the skills you have to efficiently interact with the registry. # Just like the policy for the root directory of the bucket, # this list of necessary actions to be allowed can be found in # the official Docker Registry documentation. Docker Registry is a software application that allows you to create and store your images within your organization. If you are looking for a free-to-use, and zero maintenance Container Registry, try Docker Hub. Docker Registry is a storage. $ docker run -d -p 5000:5000 --restart=always --name registry registry:2 That command: downloads the registry image which is tagged 2. Kubernetes will search for the image in its default registry, docker. 0 over the competition. However, what if you want to use your own image from a private Docker Registry? Docker Registry. If you followed the steps in Push and pull an image (and didn't subsequently delete the image), you should have an Nginx image in your container registry. I’m going to check the docker images which is available by default in our local host. docker network create ­­subnet 10. A Python REST client for the Docker Registry. $ docker manifest create new-list-ref-name image-ref [image-ref] $ docker manifest annotate new-list-ref-name image-ref --os linux --arch arm $ docker manifest push new-list-ref-name This will store some metatdata locally until you do the final push step to the registry, at which point the manifest list will be usable. Microsoft and Docker are committed to supporting all existing and new customers. Note: A repository can have any number of image tags. Go to Project settings in the bottom left of the screen and then select Service connections under the Pipelines sub-menu. When you click OK , DataGrip runs the docker push command. Import the latest image information from a tag in a Docker registry. 04, the registry will check the Manifest List to see if there is an image that matches the client's architecture. They do perform within a hierarchy, so images will have certain dependencies on others. If you already ran docker login, you can copy that credential into Kubernetes:. For example, a container image tag docker. To publish your image to the Docker registry, use the docker push command: $ docker push [:tag] #Build an image called myimage using the Dockerfile in the same folder where the command was executed $ docker build-t myimage:latest. 3, Artifactory supports the following REST API endpoints related to Docker registries: List Docker Images provides a list of Docker images in the specified Artifactory Docker registry. When a client requests to pull ubuntu:16. As title of this post states in text below we are going to describe process how to set up private docker registry and how to create custom docker image and then upload it to our newly created docker registry. Get Docker; Docker for Mac ; Docker for Windows(PC) Docker for AWS; Docker for Azure; Docker for Windows Server; Docker for Debian; Docker for Fedora® Docker for Oracle Linux; Docker for RHEL; Docker for SLES; Docker for Ubuntu. A repository is a set of images with the same name and different tags. Some of these images are for Docker, some are for infrastructure. Tagging an image uses the following syntax. Before the layer is uploaded to a registry as part of a push, it is compressed for bandwidth efficiency. A manifest is also created to describe the contents of the image,. io (Docker Hub). Learn how to use this handy feature. Docker Registries. The most common tag is latest, which represents the latest version of the image. I have a problem in the interaction between the nginx container and the registry container. Remove an image from the local registry $ docker rmi [username/][:tag] 5. Setup Docker Private Registry on CentOS 7 - List of Docker Images Now, rename the docker image something like registryserver:portnumber/image name:tag. This endpoint mimics the Docker _catalog REST API. Codefresh Registry Image List. A registry stores and serves up the actual image assets, and it delegates authentication to the index. Ubuntu based docker builder image for gitlab ci with rocker installed. The Registry is open-source, under the permissive Apache license. Managing images includes listing images in a repository, adding tags, deleting tags, copying images to a new repository, and deleting images. When you do continuous pushes (with updated content) to the same image in the registry, the image in the. You'll have to write code to do that. As it can be seen in the output, the default registry for Docker is docker. oc import-image Description. Set up a private Docker registry This will walk you through creating a private Docker registry. This is now the source for all Windows Container Images like Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016 and all the Semi-Annual Channel releases like Windows Server, version 1709 or Windows Server, version 1803. Using Docker images. $ docker build -t [username/][:tag] #Build an image called myimage using the Dockerfile in the same folder where the command was executed $ docker build-t myimage:latest. This tag references the latest version of the registry at the time of this writing. It can be a public docker registry or a private docker registry. I have the Gitlab Docker registry set up, however I'm trying to develop my own orchestration tool outside of Gitlab to interact with it. Docker is a very popular container platform that lets you easily package, deploy, and consume applications and services. There is not a stated limit for image size. 4 ruby image. It connects to one library and will not change. In this case since we have not configured any specific registry, it asks the default registry Docker hub for the image with name hello-world. If you agree, then you will have removed the specified tag or image. Once logged in, you can push any existing docker image to your ACR instance. So you might want to deploy Portus to cover your needs. Private Docker Registry has many advantages vs Docker Hub, some of them are: Since, the Docker Registry is located on premises, therefore it increases availability and speed. 0/24 ­­gateway 10. The Docker Registry HTTP API is the protocol to facilitate distribution of images to the docker engine. To figure out the loginServer name of the Azure Container Registry we just created you can use the following command: az acr list. An index manages user accounts, permissions, search, tagging, and all that nice stuff that's in the public web interface. This section describes an example of how to use the internal Docker registry with Docker images. 3 which are pushed to the registry. Setup simple Docker registry to use it privately or share images which a team of developers. Get a list of images using REST. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: