Context Clues Worksheets With Answers

We have some photos of Context Clues Worksheets Middle School that you could download and install completely free. Authors Great internet resources for your favorite authors. The girls went to the library and read three books in one afternoon. This Context Clues Worksheet is suitable for 4th - 6th Grade. Then, explain what clues in the sentence helped you determine the word meaning. multiplication word problems. pail bucket pale light-colored 4. Improve your class reading comprehension with these resources that have them read text blocks and answer. Context clue: synonym or restatement How to Answer These Questions Correctly It’s not really important to be able to label each type of context clue. Taking Away the Suffix to Find the Root Word - [Skillwise worksheet] Exercise in finding the root word by removing the suffix ; Using Context Clues - three matching activities using pull-down lists ; Using Context Clues - This section will help you review and strengthen your knowledge of using context clues. Which word or words best helps you understand the meaning of the word obedient? The obedient child always followed her mother's requests. Matching Worksheet - Match the five word problems to their answers. In addition to the UsingEnglish. Write each word where it belongs. Created Date: 7/18/2011 1:03:25 PM. Use the Clues - This is an activity to encourage students to use context clues to determine unknown words. Below are six versions of our grade 2 vocabulary worksheet on using cross-sentence clues to work out the meaning of words in sentences. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Context Clues. Below, you will find a wide range of our printable worksheets in chapter Using Context for Clues of section Reading Comprehension. February 25 2019, admin uploads Context Clues Worksheets Multiple Choice. docx Group work. Figure out the correct meaning of the WORD in each sentence. Context clues are hints in the writing that help you figure out what a word means. Context Clues Video and Worksheet - Synonyms, Antonyms, Cognates, and Examples - Duration: Using Context Clues to Become a Word Ninja - Duration: 9:37. Telethon Speech & Hearing aims to help children improve and develop their skills in hearing, speech, language & literacy. Worksheets are Context clues, Context clues 1, Context clues work with answers pdf, Document resume author the principal and the reading, Fourth and fifth grade student center activities, Table of contents, Purpose methodology this action research project took, Word meaning sentence meaning. math notes. Find this context clues worksheet along with many others on this page of context clues worksheets. Context Clues Printables are common core aligned for grade and includes varying question types as well as answer keys. Reading, Context Clues. Paint the character to win. Improve your class reading comprehension with these resources that have them read text blocks and answer. About This Quiz & Worksheet. I hope your class can use this. Context Clues Do Now Exercises Parts of Speech; Previewing page 1 of 10. Use them for teaching, reinforcement, and review. Englishlinx. When you figure out the meaning of a word from context, you are making a guess about what the word means. The Context Clues Worksheet has been created for your inspiration with ideas and combined by follow trend of printable Worksheet, so the Context Clues Worksheet will give you the real of certificate, template, letter you need. Use the other words in the sentence to help you figure out the meaning of the underlined word. I called on students to tell me the meaning of the word and come up to the pocket chart and underline the clues. Context Clues: Definition and Restatement STUDENT OBJECTIVES • Identify and use definition and restatement context clues to understand unfamiliar words RESOURCES AND PREPARATION You will need photocopies for students of: • Student Lesson Summary, p. D) Yes, Jean, you were right, about that answer. Students use the pictures clues by each sentence to determine the correct word to fill in the blank. Context Clues Check-In. 2 – Here are twelve more moderately difficult problems. An author often includes hints, or clues, to help the reader expand vocabulary and grasp the meaning of the passage. A context clue is information that appears near a word or phrase and offers direct or indirect suggestions about its meaning. The girls went to the library and read three books in one afternoon. Skill in using context clues enables a reader to comprehend advance texts. docx Discovering New Words Quiz. Language Arts Has Never Been More Engaging. mathematics printable worksheets Preschool Print Out teach this worksheets Small Comprehension Passages. Below are six versions of our grade 5 vocabulary worksheet where students have to determine the meaning of words using cross-sentence clues. They will also be able to in turn write synonyms to help expand their vocabulary and move towards more and more advanced synonyms. 2 – Here are twelve more moderately difficult problems. Make use of YourDictionary's Thesaurus. Then, explain what clues in the sentence helped you determine the word meaning. Examine each answer choice and determine how it differs from the others. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. WORD BANK. Adobe PDF Files. Try this context clues worksheet with your young reader to help him infer based on text. Students determine each words meaning based on context and then explain their answers. Students read an incomplete passage and fill in the missing words based on the context of the passage. You can take this quiz and then check your answers right away. Context Clues Worksheet - Free download as Word Doc (. 95 • Practice Worksheets, Levels A and B, pp. Educational activities are categorized by subject and or holiday - Language Arts and Literacy, Spanish, ESL, Science, Social Studies, Math activities, Foreign Languages, Creative Arts and Crafts. Context Clues 3rd Grade - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept. more over The Context Clues Worksheets Multiple Choice. These worksheets are appropriate for Preschool and Kindergarten English Language Arts. Print the crossword and optionally the answer key on page two. Read each sentence carefully, pay attention to the words in bold then, determine its meaning. context clues are clues in the sentence that tell you what a word means. , definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. The teacher had great _____ over his students. If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓. This is a quiz for students of English as a second language. That is, it is the smallest number that contains both 2940 and 3150 as factors, the smallest number that is a multiple of both these values; it is the multiple common to the two values. For instance there are many worksheet that you can print here, and if you want to preview the Context Clues Worksheets 2nd Grade simply click the link or image and you will take to save page section. Context Clues: Definition and Restatement STUDENT OBJECTIVES • Identify and use definition and restatement context clues to understand unfamiliar words RESOURCES AND PREPARATION You will need photocopies for students of: • Student Lesson Summary, p. On this page you can read or download vocabulary power lesson 1 using context clues worksheet answer in PDF format. Juan used the grammatical structure of the sentence to figure out that the word he didn't understand was a verb. Learn how to distinguish between each with examples of context clues and then test your. Primary Resources - free worksheets, lesson plans and teaching ideas for primary and elementary teachers. Now answer Numbers 9 through 16. Also See: Using Context Clues Using. Students will use the context clues within the passage to figure out each unknown word's meaning. Make your individual worksheets with free Context Clues Worksheets 3Rd Grade in image below. The 30 exercises are grouped into. There are worksheets for those subjects, as well as ones regarding holidays, seasons, technology use. Another context clue that uses the word position is the antonym. full size of worksheet context clues worksheets grade kids 5th for 5 with answers. Summary and Analysis: Medicine for Melancholy All Summer in a Day"" Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List. For instance there are many worksheet that you can print here, and if you want to preview the Context Clues Worksheets simply click the link or image and you will take to save page section. math notes. Context clues should not be relied upon when a precise meaning is required, when clues suggest several possible definitions, when nearby words are unfamiliar, and when the unknown word is a common one that will be needed again; in these cases, a dictionary should be consulted. VocabularySize. Matching Worksheet - Match the five word problems to their answers. You can reread the sentence and try to understand what it is referring to. Read the floowing sentences. Then, make a word list with an answer and a clue on each line. Title: Reading in Context Author: http://www. Note that the most common type of context clue used in the songs is the synonym type. Answer Key Include an answer key Sample Reading Comprehension Skills Worksheet Return to Context Clues Skills Unit Context Clues. Telethon Speech & Hearing aims to help children improve and develop their skills in hearing, speech, language & literacy. From nouns and verbs to research skills and argumentative essays, Flocabulary's language arts units teach key concepts for all grades. Another context clue that uses the word position is the antonym. This multiple-choice worksheet asks students to look at highlighted words in a sentence and choose the correct word meaning. Make your own worksheets with free Restating Sentences Worksheet in example below. Summary and Analysis: Medicine for Melancholy All Summer in a Day"" Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List. This game is designed like Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? You have three "hints" that are your lifelines, and you move up the chain of money as you answer questions correctly, starting at $500 and ending at $1,000,000 (one million dollars). Generally speaking, most liberal theologians as well as conservative amillenarians have found the kingdom of heaven to be equivalent to the concept of the kingdom of God and fulfilled in a spiritual rule of God in the hearts of those who put their trust in Christ. Visit our online store, magazine and message board the leading authority on cooperative learning, classroom discipline and multiple intelligences. - Use context clues, base words, and affixes to figure out the meanings of words - Use a dictionary, thesaurus, or synonym finder to find synonyms for words STANDARDS Omaha Public Schools District Reading/Language Content Standards – Grade 6 602 Use a variety of strategies to develop vocabulary. The Following are Available as Word Documents (new 1/8/2006) Atmosphere Beaver Bones Helen Keller. This worksheet teaches students to use the context clues in the sentence to find the meaning of unknown words. Best Answer: no they could be for higher grades too i know that we use them (sometimes) for spanish when a word that we don't know is heard. com brings you a simple tool to measure your students’ vocabulary size. Context Clues Worksheets 6th Grade. Find this context clues worksheet along with many others on this page of context clues worksheets. Garibaldi Lake, British Columbia. We have identified this pool of 200 words that cut across the disciplines and lend themselves well to context-dependent interpretation. The second page contains the answer key. Context Clues : Worksheet for Second Grade English Language Arts Use context clues to find out the meaning of the underlined words. The student will identify the meaning of words in context. You can take this quiz and then check your answers right away. These clues include both primary and secondary sources in the form of books, personal papers, government documents, letters, oral accounts, diaries, maps, photographs, reports, novels and short stories, artifacts, coins, stamps, and many other things. Factoring Polynomials Quiz With Answers. Hundreds of thousands of teachers use Flocabulary's educational raps and teaching lesson plans to supplement their instruction and engage students. Directions: Choose (a) or (b) Example: I hope you are not lying _(a)_ to me. nevermore will you have to look for a middle school worksheet on context clues worksheets high pdf. Context Clues. DA: 10 PA: 13 MOZ Rank: 78. Context Clues : Italy : Worksheet for Fifth Grade English Language Arts Carefully read the small passage about Italy, paying close attention to the underlined words. pail bucket pale light-colored 4. Base your answers on the article "The Mystery of the Maya. Students will identify the meaning of the bolded vocabulary word based on the cross sentence clues and explain their answers. Below are six versions of our grade 2 vocabulary worksheet on using cross-sentence clues to work out the meaning of words in sentences. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Do not write on this paper, Context clues 2, Context clues 1, Vocabulary in context practice 1 answer key, Name advanced context clues, Grade 8 meaning of a word from context, Vocabulary power workbook, Lesson plan by lesson length. Remedia Publications specializes in supplemental educational materials for teachers, parents, and students. Reinforce language and reading comprehension skills with a worksheet focused on context clues. context clues worksheets with answers best of figurative language middle school co p. Context Clues Worksheets – Example. Context Clues Worksheet: Sometimes we do not need to look up the words we don't know. Worksheets: use cross-sentence clues to work out meanings of words. What is an Essay An essay is simply a piece of writing that's put together for a particular purpose. You will find worksheets for everyone subjects, as well as ones regarding holidays, seasons, technology use and a lot. Look for a rapidly growing variety of thousands of practice worksheets tied to the Common Core State Standards, School Subjects, Activities, and Holidays. word problems into equations calculator. Context clues, as the name implies, are the hints from the text itself that leads toward the meaning of that unfamiliar word. For instance there are many worksheet that you can print here, and if you want to preview the Context Clues Worksheets 2nd Grade simply click the link or image and you will take to save page section. More Mixed Language Skills. Context Clues Practice Worksheet - This worksheet from Teacher Vision offers a productive way to teach reading students' context clues when it is still a very new concept. Context Clues 3. Multiple Choice Context Clues About This Worksheet: This worksheet follows the testing format that you will see very often. I hope your class can use this. context clues worksheets grade reading for info unique 3 multiple choice 4th pdf. Below, you will find a wide range of our printable worksheets in chapter Using Context for Clues of section Reading Comprehension. Fill in the Blank / Cloze Sentence Worksheets. I hope your class can use this. Englishlinx. Answer key included. When you figure out the meaning of a word from context, you are making a guess about what the word means. Below is a list showing the most useful modals and their most common meanings:. Welcome to our downloadable ESL worksheets section. Students analyze each sentence, using their context-clue skills and write two guesses for. com Context Clues If you are not sure what a word means, one way of figuring out what the word may mean is by using context clues. You have to guess the meaning of the word through your intelligence and help of the text. Quadratic Graphs Worksheets With Answers, Function Worksheets, 73 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Algebra 2 Answer Key Aias, Graphing A Quadratic Function, Review Solving Quadratics By Graphing, Graphing Rational Functions Worksheet Answers Briefencounters, 13 Best Of Graphing Quadratic Functions Worksheet Quadratic Function Graph Graphing, Graphing Quadratics Using The Ti 83 Algebra Helper. Created Date: 7/18/2011 1:03:25 PM. Starting a Conversation with a New of Unfamiliar Person. Directions: read each sentence and determine the meaning of the word using cross sentence clues or your prior knowledge. Alabama Standards. Below you’ll find our free, printable K12reader high school spelling words program that helps students master words that are most commonly misspelled. History! Our engaging, educational hip-hop videos and lessons can help!. They may be used at home or in class. CONTEXT CLUES TASK CARDS FOR 4TH-6TH GRADE. Write each word where it belongs. Commas, dashes, or other punctuation can point to a restatement clue, along with expressions such as that is, in other words, and or. Englishlinx. A general sense context clue lets the reader puzzle out a word meaning from whatever information is available—and this is the most common kind of context clue. Context clues can help you figure out the meaning of a word in a sentence or paragraph. Free pdf worksheets from K5 Learning's online reading and math program. Context Clues Worksheets and Printables. What does the word voracious mean as it is used in the text? What kind of clue was used in the last sentence?. They are used with other verbs to express ability, obligation, possibility, and so on. You will find worksheets for everyone subjects, as well as ones regarding holidays, seasons, technology use and. Also See: Using Sentence Hints Context Clues Worksheet. Your students will have to read a sentence. #5: Quiz: Print this quiz by BrainPop or take it online to check progress and comprehension of context clues and identify areas that need further review. In this context clues worksheet, students identify the meaning of the bold word by using the words around it. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Context clues 3, Vocabulary 3rd grade vocabulary context clues third, Context clues 3, Context clues, Do not write on this paper, Context clues, Lesson plan by lesson length age or grade intended, Context clues. Determine the best answer. context clues worksheets middle school other size s context clues worksheets middle school practice free printable context clues worksheets for middle school. Phil and his son, David, have developed an expanded version of their popular Inference Riddle Game. 7 Directions: read each sentence and determine the meaning of the word using cross sentence clues or your prior knowledge. Try using logic and the context clues in the sentences to figure out what the underlined words mean. They may be used at home or in class. It is just one of the 77 available worksheets on this topic and an activity that students may enjoy. Context Clue Worksheets. 1 Context clues are bits of information (clues) from the text that, when combined with prior knowledge (what you already know) allows you to decide the meaning of unknown words in the story or article you are reading. pdf Discovering New Words Quiz - Modified Large Print. In pairs, have students discuss at least two ways to figure out the meaning of a new word. physical science textbook 8th grade. From this experience, I conclude this to be a useful activity that uncovers some underlying misconceptions. Yes Jean you were right about that answer. Determine the best answer. Grade 4 vocabulary worksheets on context clues. Maintaining Conversations by Expressing Feelings. Directions: Context clues are hints in the writing that help you figure out what a word means. Click on pop-out icon or print icon to worksheet to print or download. Reading Comprehension - The Water Cycle Science Education. SEARCHING FOR A THEÅE. This quiz will assess how best you can use context clues to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words. Context Clues. Answer Key Include an answer key Sample Reading Comprehension Skills Worksheet Return to Context Clues Skills Unit Context Clues. I hope your class can use this. Students will use the context clues within the passage to figure out each unknown word's meaning. Sixth Grade. Context Clues 3. Worksheets are Context clues, Context clues 1, Context clues work with answers pdf, Document resume author the principal and the reading, Fourth and fifth grade student center activities, Table of contents, Purpose methodology this action research project took, Word meaning sentence meaning. Context Clues Riddle Number 4: Answer Cantankerous means grouchy, or ill-tempered. Improve reading rate! This is the power of context clues! Give your students power in reading comprehension when you engage them in this context clues unit. Context Clues 1. Get the Context Clues Worksheets FREE Resource:. From the context you know that a callous man does not react to tears and apologies. Try this context clues worksheet with your young reader to help him infer. com brings you a simple tool to measure your students’ vocabulary size. pptx Guided Notes. Context Clue Worksheets. This easy to use product includes 4 instructional pages, 4 pages of multiple choice questions, 4 pages of fill in the blank, and 2 pages of stories followed by printables that ask students to define underlined words using context clues (and also look. This Context Clues Worksheet is suitable for 3rd - 5th Grade. Read the passage below. Read the words in the box below. They include original stories, poems, essays, and articles. 90 Chapter 3 Topics, Main Ideas, and Topic sentences Reading and Writing Connections EvEryday ConnECtions • Writing You are sending an e-mail to the technical support personnel of a computer manufacturer asking for help with a problem. Use these context clues worksheets in school or at home. Improve your class reading comprehension with these resources that have them read text blocks and answer. Context Clue Worksheets. I wrote a sentence on a sentence strip with an unfamilar word. Students will circle the word which best matches the meaning of the word in bold. FIRST PERSON Definition Clues. Lets see if you can be a word detective and find their meaning or concepts. WORD BANK. Please use any of these free, printable inference worksheet activities at home or in the classroom by clicking the title. When attempting to decipher the meaning of a new word, it is often useful to look at what comes before and after that word. Give your kid an edge over his friends with Easy Teacher's context clues worksheets that will help them better understand the context of a piece of content. Context Clues 1. What are context clues, and how do I know what show more Im doing a worksheet for literature, and the assignment is to identify the different words and the meaning, and the context clue. Context Clues - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept. Students complete 14 multiple choice questions. Hank was an opportunist, taking advantage of every possible angle. pdf Context Clues Extra Credit. Get the Context Clues Worksheets FREE Resource: Mark Pennington, MA Reading Specialist, is the author of the comprehensive reading intervention curriculum, Teaching Reading Strategies. Our standards-aligned units are uniquely engaging and student-centered. Multiple Choice Context Clues About This Worksheet: This worksheet follows the testing format that you will see very often. (a) small clock worn on the wrist. These Context Clues worksheets offer print and go, common core aligned, context clues activities for 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade. Your topic sentence should directly state the problem. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - 7th Grade Context Clues And Answer Key. To start practicing, just click on any link. Name: _____ Using Context Clues What does it mean?Directions: Read each sentence below. Vocabulary In Context Practice 1 Answer Key This question relies almost completely on your ability to use context clues for the definition of the word. com/worksheets/language_arts/context/ Subject: Words Meanings In Sentences Keywords: context clues. Context clues should not be relied upon when a precise meaning is required, when clues suggest several possible definitions, when nearby words are unfamiliar, and when the unknown word is a common one that will be needed again; in these cases, a dictionary should be consulted. History! Our engaging, educational hip-hop videos and lessons can help!. Context Clues Fill in the blanks in the following five sentences. No sign-up required. Worksheets are Synonym antonym ready for pdg, Context clues, Synonyms, Antonyms, Synonyms and antonyms, Antonyms, Context clues 1, The five types of context clues are. Then, explain what clues in the sentence helped you determine the word meaning. Choose activities for any level, elementary through high school, that encompass different types of clues: synonym, antonym, example, explanation, comparison, and contrast. Now apply these context-clue skills to the Word Up songs. The first thing to do should be to look at the context and actually try to guess the meaning of the word. You can figure out the meaning by looking at the words around it and how it is being used in the sentence. The second page contains the answer key. My mother was candid, honestly sharing her ideas on the subject. Make use of YourDictionary's Thesaurus. English Language Arts Worksheets and Study Guides Fourth Grade. Context Clues - Sixth Grade. However, regardless of which career path you follow, at some point you are going to need to write essays. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Do not write on this paper, Context clues 2, Context clues 1, Teaching word meaning context clues, Lesson plan by lesson length age or grade intended, Grade 8 meaning of a word from context, Vocabulary power workbook, Lesson skill context clues in. Context Clues Answer Key Item 3509 www. Free, printable Theme worksheets help students to achieve the ability of reading skills and practice. Context Clues Quiz. In a hurry? Browse our pre-made printable worksheets library with a variety of activities and quizzes for all K-12 levels. Write each word where it belongs. Discuss context clues and discuss how they can be used to fill in blanks. systems of equations and inequalities. Context Clues Video and Worksheet - Synonyms GUESS THE EMOJI. By ltoday on March 28, 2018 in Fourth Grade, Fourth Grade Reading Lessons, Reading Comprehension, Reading Lessons. I hope your class can use this. Then the GCF is 2 × 3 × 5 × 7 = 210. two step word problems practice. physical science textbook 8th grade. Arid land is so dry that very few plants can grow on it. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. context clues worksheets middle school other size s context clues worksheets middle school practice free printable context clues worksheets for middle school. 2 CONTEXT CLUES. Task cards Informational texts Close reading Text structures Authors purpose. The three worksheets increase in difficulty to hundred millions. Context Clue Worksheets. Available for grade 3 to grade 8. Context Clues - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept. Context Clues. , precede, recede, secede ). 1 – Tutorial. It was the first day of school. The test-makers evaluate skills like finding the main idea, making inferences, determining the author's purpose, and understanding vocabulary words, some of which you may have never been introduced to you before. Twelve-year-old Jonas lives in a regimented community that is free from pain and suffering — but also free from joy, independence, and even color. WORD BANK. Reinforce language and reading comprehension skills with a worksheet focused on context clues. Science Homework. The teacher _____ the class. Look for clues over several words or sentences ‐The monkey's vociferous chatter made me wish I had earplugs. However, regardless of which career path you follow, at some point you are going to need to write essays. In addition to the UsingEnglish. Have students complete the worksheet. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - 8th Grade Context Clues. Ask students to underline context clues and determine the word's definition. Covert will not accept answers in his class unless the students are able to support their answers with evidence from the text. Also See: Using Context Clues Using. Looking for ideas about how to use BrainPOP with your students? Below you’ll find top-notch lesson plans from the BrainPOP Educator community. This level one context clues worksheet covers 12 words that may be challenging for beginning readers. Breaking apart a word into its component parts is an example of using _____. I think you misunderstand context clues. Below are free, printable worksheets to help your student hone this skill. Introduction: #13 Revisions Sarah tiff. Here you will find all we have for Context Clues Worksheets 2nd Grade. What low male hormone 18005268630For GMT Office Hours Men are brainpop jr password and username 2018 well. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 8th Grade Context Clues. when the writer directly tells the reader a description of a character's looks and clothing, or that the character is amusing brave, or lonesome, or specifically the build or height or age of a character. Context Clues Worksheet: Sometimes we do not need to look up the words we don't know. Context Clues Worksheet 1. Poems suitable for reading by 9-10 year olds. using context clues worksheets kindergarten beautiful a eighth grade reading fresh amp activities 8 pdf. Grade 4th Reading Worksheet : Context Clues. However, regardless of which career path you follow, at some point you are going to need to write essays. Context Clues 1 - Ereading Worksheets Name: _____ Context Clues 1. Learners review and discuss what context clues are and then read six sentences and paragraphs and circle the correct context clue for each one. He told the students they must CORROBORATE their statements related to the text. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Context Clues With Answer Keys. Maintaining Conversations by Giving Factual Information. Using Context Clues. Below are free, printable worksheets to help your student hone this skill. Context Clues And Configuration. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: